Badami Rock Inscription of Vallabhesvara 

Written by Alok Mohan on February 2, 2023. Posted in Uncategorized

Inscription number 62.
Badami Rock Inscription of Vallabhesvara (Pulakesin 1)
Saka Year 465 (543 A.D. –
548 A D.).The Badami rock inscription of Pulakesin I is dated in the Saka year 465.  Vikrama Samvat 601. Early Chalukyas ruled many parts of Southern and Central India. Earliest dynasty, known as the “Badami Chalukyas”, ruled from Vatapi, from the middle of the 6th century. Badami’ which is known in ancient times as ‘Vatapi’ is a town located in the Bijapur district of Karnataka and is famous for its rock-cut temples constructed by the Chalukyas. These are mainly Jain temples.

Badami Chalukyas declared their independence from Kadambas consequent to decline of kadamba   kingdom of Banavasi. They rapidly gained strength especially during the reign of Pulakesin 2.
After the death of Pulakeshin 2, the eastern chalukyas became an independent kingdom in the eastern Deccan.
 They ruled from vengi until about the 11th century. In the western Deccan, the rise of rashtrakutas, led to decline of the  in Chalukyas empire which was subsequently revived by their descendants, the western chalukyas, in the late 10th century. The Western Chalukyas ruled from Kalyani (Basava Kalyan) until the end of the 12th century.Provenance: On a rock at the back of the Batterappa temple in
the northern fort at Badami, Bijapur district, Karnataka.
Script: Late Brahmi of the Southern Class of the 6th century A.D.
Language: Sanskrit
Metres vv.1-2:-  अनुष्टुब (श्लोक)
References:- R. S. Panchamukhi, Ep.Ind, XXVII, pp.4-9, D.C. Sircar, select Inss. I, pp. 482.
Footnote 1.
1. From the facsimile in Ep.Ind, XXVII.
This is the earliest authentic reference to the use of saka era, al thou the Digambara Jain author, Simhasuri,
Lokavibhaga  claims to have completed
his work, in saka 380.
संवत्सरे तु द्वाविंशे का ञ् चीशे सिंह वम्र्णे !
अशीत्यग्रे श्काब्दानां सिद्ध मेतत्छत – अये !!
English Translation of the inscription.
Peace In the saka year, four hundred and sixty five, the chalikya king vallabhesvara, performer of the Aavamedha and other sacrifices according to the srauta rites, and one
born of Hiranyagarbha (mahadana) made vatapi on the best of
hills, into this fortress unconquerable from the top as well as from the bottom for the prosperity of the earth.Footnote 1.
1. Better known as Chalukya or chalukya. For the Hiranyagarbha mahadana, See Sircar, Successors of the satavahanas. pp. 50 ff.
2. Pulakesin 1, made vatapi (modern Badami) his capital.
But his son Kirtivarman 1, seems to have had a major share in the construction of the city and the fort
since the chiplun plates refer to him as the founder of vatapi.
3. From the date and the distinguishing epithet, asvamedha-yajva, as well as the alias Vallabhesvara, it is easy to
recognise him as Pulikesin 1, father of Kirtivarman 1.
In the Aihole inscription of Pulikesin 1, (Ep.Ind,, VI, pp.4) Pulikesin 1, is described as (11.7-8) श्रितेंन्दुकान्तिरपि श्रीवल्लभो प्ययासीद वातापि पुरी वधू  वरतां
“भूश्च येन हय – मेध – याजिना प्र पितावभृष मज्जना बभौं”
He was the first chalukya king to perform horse sacrifice,
which indicates his independent status but he could not lay claim to paramount status. The Apastamba-srauta-sutra (x) permits both a paramount king as well as one not of paramount status to perform horse-sacrifices.
राजा  सार्वभौंमो श्वमेधेन यजेताप्यसार्व भौम: !

Alok Mohan

The admin, Alok Mohan, is a graduate mechanical engineer & possess following post graduate specializations:- M Tech Mechanical Engineering Production Engineering Marine engineering Aeronautical Engineering Computer Sciences Software Engineering Specialization He has authored several articles/papers, which are published in various websites & books. Studium Press India Ltd has published one of his latest contributions “Standardization of Education” as a senior author in a book along with many other famous writers of international repute. Alok Mohan has held important positions in both Govt & Private organisations as a Senior professional & as an Engineer & possess close to four decades accomplished experience. As an aeronautical engineer, he ensured accident incident free flying. As leader of indian team during early 1990s, he had successfully ensured smooth induction of Chukar III PTA with Indian navy as well as conduct of operational training. As an aeronautical engineer, he was instrumental in establishing major aircraft maintenance & repair facilities. He is a QMS, EMS & HSE consultant. He provides consultancy to business organisations for implimentation of the requirements of ISO 45001 OH & S, ISO 14001 EMS & ISO 9001 QMS, AS 9100, AS9120 Aero Space Standards. He is a qualified ISO 9001 QMS, ISO 14001 EMS, ISO 45001 OH & S Lead Auditor (CQI/IRCA recognised certification courses) & HSE Consultant. He is a qualified Zed Master Trainer & Zed Assessor. He has thorough knowledge of six sigma quality concepts & has also been awarded industry 4, certificate from the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation Knowledge Hub Training Platform  He is a Trainer, a Counselor, an Advisor and a Competent professional of cross functional exposures. He has successfully implimented requirements of various international management system standards in several organizations. He is a dedicated technocrat with expertise in Quality Assurance & Quality Control, Facility Management, General Administration, Marketing, Security, Training, Administration etc. He is a graduate mechanical engineer with specialization in aeronautical engineering. He is always eager to be involved in imparting training, implementing new ideas and improving existing processes by utilizing his vast experience.