ancient indian history

Bandhogarh Cave Inscription

Inscriptions number 127.

Bandhogarh Cave Inscription of Vaisravana.
Provenance: On the left wall of the verandah in Cave number 13,
near Bandhogarh fort. Rewa district, Madaya Pradesh.
Script: Brahmi of the second century A.D.
Language: Sanskrit.
References: N.P. Chakravarti, Ep-Ind, XXXI, pp185, XXIII.
म [ हा ] सेनापते [ र् * ] भद्रबालस्य पुत्रेण राज्ञ [T]
2. [वैश्र] वणेन [ इदं लाता गृहं जानित ।
हिन्दी अनुवाद
महासेनापति भद्रबान के पुत्र राजा वैशवण ने यह गुहा -गृह खुदवाया ।

1. From the facsimile in Ep-Ind, XXXI, facing pp186 Plate number V,. The engraving is in a very poor state of
preservation and can only be read completely with the help of another identical inscription on a detached rock
found near a nullah not far from Gopalpur (ibid XIX)
English Translation of the inscription
The cave-dwelling was caused to be exavated by King Vaisravana, the son of Maha Senapati_Bhadrabala.
1. Chakravarti opines, If the ruler mentioned in” the present two epigraphs and in another dated the year 107, found near Kosam, is identical, we have to assume that Vaisravana belonged to a collateral branch who succeeded a Magha ruler, his predecessor being perhaps Bhadramagha. He may also be a different ruler belonging only to the
Bandhogarh line. He prefers the latter assumption on the ground that tne Bandhogarh ruler is given, only
the lesser title, Rajan, while the Kausambi ruler Vaisravana, is called Maharaja. This in my view is a
very weak ground or erecting his theory of two different lines of Magha rulers, ruling independently at Kausambi
and at Bandhogarh.

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