COINS OF THE INDO GREEKS

Written by Alok Mohan on April 6, 2022. Posted in Uncategorized

COINS OF THE INDO GREEKS 13.
1. In the Second century B.C. numerous princes of Greek origin ruled over small principalities in the extreme northwest of the Indian sub-continent. Literature is silent about most of them. ‘The ancient Greek writers took notice of only four of them, namely, Demotrius, Apollodotus, Menander and Eucratides, while the ancient Indian literature knew only the first three.
One more Greek prince, e.g. Antialkidas of Taxila, is known from the Garuda pillar inscription at Besnager (ancient Vidisa) near Gwalior, with his ambassador. Heliodorus (see above. page)
Antialkidas means victorious. He was an indo greek king, who reigned from his capital Taxila. He ruled from 115 to 95 BC
Antialkidas is also known through his many silver coins, wearing a helmet with bull’s horns or a flat kausia. His picture throwing a spear, also appears on the silver coins issued by him.
We have, however, discovered during the last hundred years vast hoards of coins issued by the Indo Greek princes. They revealed to us the existence of some thirty-six rulers; including two Queens Agathocleia and Calliope. It’is evident that many. of them ruled contemporaneously over different regions.
Agathocleia means Goddess. She was married to Menander 1, who ruled in parts of northern India in the 2nd-century BC. She was daughter of Eucratided. She became the first woman to rule a sovereign country. Her presence on large number of Indo Greek coins is an evidence of her influence in the region.

Calliope was an Indo-Greek queen and wife of Hermaeus of Eucratid Dynasty, who ruled vast territory of Paropamisade in the Hindu Kush region. Her reign dates from the first quarter of the first century BC.
Kalliope and Hermaeus jointly issued many silver coins, containing busts of them both. The reverse of the coins showed, the king on a horse.

DIODOTUS X. King of Bactria 250 to 230 BC Attic tetradracium B M References: A K Narayan, Indo-Greeks; Pl.I,1
Dr M V D Mohan, Indo Greek Coins , p.181, and Plate 1
In dotted circle, head of Diodotus one r, diadamed with one end floating freely behind and the other hanging stiffly down
Reverse: Zeus 1. with aegis, hurling thunderbolt. To 1. wreath and eagle
Locations and dates are based on the conclusions arrived at in the work, North-west India of the Second Century BC by Dr M V D MOHAN

14 DIODOT II “King of Bactria. 230 to 220 B.C.
FR Attic tetradrachm. B.M.
References: Bede Rapson, C.H.I, P 1- II-13, Dr A.K. Narain, Indo-Greeks,:P.l..3.;
Dr M V D Mohan, Indo Greek Coins, p.181, P1.I.2.
Obv.1 In dotted circle, head of Diodotus II r., died: as on no 1 above
Rev.: Zeus striding l., hurling thunderbolt, aegis on 1
Arm, wreath underneath it and O Y in between 5 near 1 foot eagle 1

15. EUTHYDEMUS I. King of Bactria. 220 to 192 BC.
A: Attic tetradraohm. B.M.

References? E J Rapson C.H.I pl-III-1
Indo greek coins Dr M V D Mohan pp 181-182 , Pl-I,3,
Obv.1 In dotted circle head of king died as on no 1 above
Rev. 1 Naked Heracles Seated 1 on rocks, club held in r. hand rests on a pillar of stones in front.
To r.mon.6.R

2 Attic tetradrachm. B.M.

References: E J. Rapson, C.H.I, Pl.III.2, R B Whitehead, LMC, Section I, p.11, no.8, P1-I; Also V.A. Smith, TMC, Section I, no-4, Pl.l.4, Dr M.V.D. Mohan,
Indo Greek Coins Coins. .p 182, Pl-I, 4

16. DEMATRIUS I. King-of Bactria — 192 to 175 B.C.
1 Attic Tetradrachm. Issued as sub-king before 192 B.C.B.M.
“References? DR A K: Narain. Indo-Greeks, Dr M V D Mohan, Indo Greek Coins, p.182; P1.I, 5.
Contd – Refer Ancient Indian Inscriptions Volume 1 By Dr M V D Mohan

Alok Mohan

The admin, Alok Mohan, is a graduate mechanical engineer & possess following post graduate specializations:- M Tech Mechanical Engineering Production Engineering Marine engineering Aeronautical Engineering Computer Sciences Software Engineering Specialization He has authored several articles/papers, which are published in various websites & books. Studium Press India Ltd has published one of his latest contributions “Standardization of Education” as a senior author in a book along with many other famous writers of international repute. Alok Mohan has held important positions in both Govt & Private organisations as a Senior professional & as an Engineer & possess close to four decades accomplished experience. As an aeronautical engineer, he ensured accident incident free flying. As leader of indian team during early 1990s, he had successfully ensured smooth induction of Chukar III PTA with Indian navy as well as conduct of operational training. As an aeronautical engineer, he was instrumental in establishing major aircraft maintenance & repair facilities. He is a QMS, EMS & HSE consultant. He provides consultancy to business organisations for implimentation of the requirements of ISO 45001 OH & S, ISO 14001 EMS & ISO 9001 QMS, AS 9100, AS9120 Aero Space Standards. He is a qualified ISO 9001 QMS, ISO 14001 EMS, ISO 45001 OH & S Lead Auditor (CQI/IRCA recognised certification courses) & HSE Consultant. He is a qualified Zed Master Trainer & Zed Assessor. He has thorough knowledge of six sigma quality concepts & has also been awarded industry 4, certificate from the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation Knowledge Hub Training Platform  He is a Trainer, a Counselor, an Advisor and a Competent professional of cross functional exposures. He has successfully implimented requirements of various international management system standards in several organizations. He is a dedicated technocrat with expertise in Quality Assurance & Quality Control, Facility Management, General Administration, Marketing, Security, Training, Administration etc. He is a graduate mechanical engineer with specialization in aeronautical engineering. He is always eager to be involved in imparting training, implementing new ideas and improving existing processes by utilizing his vast experience.