Mathura Buddha Image Inscription

Written by Alok Mohan on June 6, 2022. Posted in Uncategorized

70 Mathura Buddha Image Inscription of the time of Kanishka
Regnal Year 14
Provenance: Mathura Mathura district Uttar Pradesh
Script: Middle brahami of the northern class exhibiting resemblance with characters of the 3rd century AD
Language: Sanskrit influenced by Prakrit
References: D-R Saini. Ep.ind- XIX, pp-96 ff, H Luders: Mathura inscriptions (K Janert) pp-116 ff,
(n- 81) sel.inss, I, pp-518

1. Sahni and Luders read the first symbol in the date as 10.
Sircar confirms the reading as correct. Depending upon some defective Facsimile, some other scholars have proposed various other readings.
i)
Bhandarkar Inscriptions of the early Gupta Kings (CII-III, Second ed p 28)
Read the date as 84 and referred it to
Kalachuri era, corresponding to A. D. 332 which is close to Samudragupta’s accession. He concludes that the kushana rule had extended to Mathura just before the rise of the guptas, and that Devaputra Shahi
Snahanushahi of the Allahabad (Prayagraj) Pillar Inscription of
Samudragupta was none other than the contamporary Kushana king referred to in this inscription, who
should be identified with Kanishka II.
ii) Mirashi rejects his reading of the date which he reads, as 50 (+ )4 =54) which must be referred to
the Saka era of 78 A.D started by Kanishka I. 54 AD as well as Saka era of 78 AD belonged to the reign of Kanishka II, who was ruling jointly with Huvishka from 50 to 58 Saka.
(For further discussion. see V.V.
Mirashi)
Notes on D.R: Bhandarkar’s Inscriptions of the early Gupta Kings. Note I The date of the Mathurá Pedestal
Inscription of Kaņishka, pp. 48-49.

2 But ल स (looped) and ह & are of Eastern class, as in the allahabad Pillar inscription of Samudraqupta, and ष and स are of Western variety Such palaeographic vagaries
are found elsewhere too.
English Translation of the Inscription
On the day 10 of the month. Pausha, in (regnal year 14) of Maharaja Davaputra Kanishka Sanighila, the wife
of the Pravartika, Hastin instals this image for worship of her favourte deity. the bhagwat, the pitamaha (mahan
Pita the graat father) the truly and completely enlightened
one (the Buddina) or cessation of all misery.

1. From the facsimile in Ep.Ind XIX facing p-97.

2. Stroke ष below is redundant

3. Pravarika a maker or dealer in Pravara. (a cloak worn by buddhist monk)
4. The Buddha is called pitamha in Ludars List No 910 and in an inscription from Kosam (Ep.Ind XXIV,. pp. 147-48).
5. The stop is indicated by a slightly curved horizontal stroke

Vima Kadphises (son of Kujula Kadphises) was the founder of Kushan dynasty.
Vima had adopted the title of ‘Lord of the Whole World’ He issued several Gold coins.
Kanishka was a powerful king of Kushan dynasty. He ruled over Afghanistan, Punjab & Kashmir regions. He had the title of Devaputra which means son of God. He was a follower of Buddhist belief. Kushana kings were honored with divine titles like Devaputra (Son of God)

The Kushan Empire was fragmented into semi-independent kingdoms in the 3rd century AD. Their western half was taken over by the Sassanid Empire while their eastern territories fell to the Gupta Empire.

Kushan rulers are recorded for a period of about three centuries, from circa AD 30 to circa 375, until the invasions of the Kidarites. They ruled around the same time as the Western Satraps, the Satavahanas, and the first Gupta Empire rulers.
The first ruler of the empire was Chandra Gupta I, who united the Guptas with the Licchavis by marriage. His son, the celebrated Samudra Gupta, expanded the empire through conquest. The most notable rulers of the dynasty were Chandragupta I, Samudragupta, and Chandragupta II, also known as Vikramaditya

Reference

http://ancientindia.co.in/wp-content/uploads/2022/01/FILE-VOLUME-I.pdf

Alok Mohan

The admin, Alok Mohan, is a graduate mechanical engineer & possess following post graduate specializations:- M Tech Mechanical Engineering Production Engineering Marine engineering Aeronautical Engineering Computer Sciences Software Engineering Specialization He has authored several articles/papers, which are published in various websites & books. Studium Press India Ltd has published one of his latest contributions “Standardization of Education” as a senior author in a book along with many other famous writers of international repute. Alok Mohan has held important positions in both Govt & Private organisations as a Senior professional & as an Engineer & possess close to four decades accomplished experience. As an aeronautical engineer, he ensured accident incident free flying. As leader of indian team during early 1990s, he had successfully ensured smooth induction of Chukar III PTA with Indian navy as well as conduct of operational training. As an aeronautical engineer, he was instrumental in establishing major aircraft maintenance & repair facilities. He is a QMS, EMS & HSE consultant. He provides consultancy to business organisations for implimentation of the requirements of ISO 45001 OH & S, ISO 14001 EMS & ISO 9001 QMS, AS 9100, AS9120 Aero Space Standards. He is a qualified ISO 9001 QMS, ISO 14001 EMS, ISO 45001 OH & S Lead Auditor (CQI/IRCA recognised certification courses) & HSE Consultant. He is a qualified Zed Master Trainer & Zed Assessor. He has thorough knowledge of six sigma quality concepts & has also been awarded industry 4, certificate from the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation Knowledge Hub Training Platform  He is a Trainer, a Counselor, an Advisor and a Competent professional of cross functional exposures. He has successfully implimented requirements of various international management system standards in several organizations. He is a dedicated technocrat with expertise in Quality Assurance & Quality Control, Facility Management, General Administration, Marketing, Security, Training, Administration etc. He is a graduate mechanical engineer with specialization in aeronautical engineering. He is always eager to be involved in imparting training, implementing new ideas and improving existing processes by utilizing his vast experience.