Sarnath Buddhist Image Inscription

Written by Alok Mohan on May 31, 2022. Posted in Uncategorized

Sarnath Buddhist Image Inscription of tha time of kanishka 1 (78-102 AD-) year 3 ( AD. 81)
Provenance Sarnath, Near Varanasi, U.P.
Script Brahmi
Language Prakrit influeúnced by Sanskrit

References: J.Ph Vogel Ep.Ind, VIII,
pp. 123 ff. D.C. Sircar, Sel.Inss
pp 136-38
1. Chakram of Bihar is a piece of ground cleared and
levelled for the purpose of walking up and down for exercise and meditation. See Gaiger, Mahavamsa Tr, pp 45, note 4.
These three inscriptions are incised on a collosal standing Bodhisattva statue and on an octagonal stone shaft, which once carried an umbrella over the image.
1. From the Ep-ind pp 176, Plate nos-iiia to iiid
2. This is one of the earliest dated records in which the name of Kanishka occurs. However it doesn’t ipeo facto confirm Kanishkas rule in varanasi as early as his 3rd regnal year. The donor Shikshu Bala, fellow of Pushyavriddhi and teacher of the nun Budhamitra, donated another umbrella at Sravasti in kanishkas regnal year that is lost. Another statue of Boddhistava was set up at Mathura in the reign of Huvishka in the year 33, by the nun Dhanavati, who claims to be the sisters daughter of Tripitaka Bhikshuni Buddhamitra, pupil of Trainitaka Bhikshu Shala. All the three are carved out of red sand stones from Agra. Vogel therefore conjectures with that Eriar Bala and his patrons, Kshatrapa Vanaspara and Mahakshatrapa Kharapallana, who may have been the actual financers of the projects, belonged to Mathura and Bala erected the image on the occassion of a pilgrimage to the sacred sites of Budhism.
3 Vogal उपद्वयाय़ाचेरेहि

1. Impressions like ऐतत्या पूर्वाया ऐतस्या दिवस -पूर्वाया
etc have been used in the sense, ‘On this affordable date’
2. is a general term used for open ground within the precincts of a vihara, not necessarily the place, where Lord Buddha walked, as particularly specified here
3. The Buddhist parishats or classes are A Bhikshus B Bhikshunia C Umasakas D Upasakas

In the third year of Maharaja Kanishka, the 3rd (month) of winter the 22nd day.
On this date, (specified as) above, was this gift of Priar Bala, a master of the tripitaka, and a fellow of Priar Pushyavriddhi, (namely an image of) the Boddhistava and an umbrella with a post, erected at Varanasi, at the place where Lord used to walk, together with his parents, with his teachers and professors, his fellows and pupils and with nun Buddhamitra versed in the Tripitaka, together with the satarap Vanaspara and Kharapallana together with the four classes for the happiness and welfare of all creatures.
No 2
This gift of Priar Bala, a master of Tripitaka, namely an image of the Boddhisttava, has been erected by the great satrap Kharapallana together with satrap Vanaspara.
No 3
In the third year of Maharaja Kanishka, the third month of winter, the 22nd day this date specified as above has this gift of Priar Bala, a master of Tripitaka, (Namely an image of Bodhisattva and an umbrella with a post, been erected.

Alok Mohan

The admin, Alok Mohan, is a graduate mechanical engineer & possess following post graduate specializations:- M Tech Mechanical Engineering Production Engineering Marine engineering Aeronautical Engineering Computer Sciences Software Engineering Specialization He has authored several articles/papers, which are published in various websites & books. Studium Press India Ltd has published one of his latest contributions “Standardization of Education” as a senior author in a book along with many other famous writers of international repute. Alok Mohan has held important positions in both Govt & Private organisations as a Senior professional & as an Engineer & possess close to four decades accomplished experience. As an aeronautical engineer, he ensured accident incident free flying. As leader of indian team during early 1990s, he had successfully ensured smooth induction of Chukar III PTA with Indian navy as well as conduct of operational training. As an aeronautical engineer, he was instrumental in establishing major aircraft maintenance & repair facilities. He is a QMS, EMS & HSE consultant. He provides consultancy to business organisations for implimentation of the requirements of ISO 45001 OH & S, ISO 14001 EMS & ISO 9001 QMS, AS 9100, AS9120 Aero Space Standards. He is a qualified ISO 9001 QMS, ISO 14001 EMS, ISO 45001 OH & S Lead Auditor (CQI/IRCA recognised certification courses) & HSE Consultant. He is a qualified Zed Master Trainer & Zed Assessor. He has thorough knowledge of six sigma quality concepts & has also been awarded industry 4, certificate from the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation Knowledge Hub Training Platform  He is a Trainer, a Counselor, an Advisor and a Competent professional of cross functional exposures. He has successfully implimented requirements of various international management system standards in several organizations. He is a dedicated technocrat with expertise in Quality Assurance & Quality Control, Facility Management, General Administration, Marketing, Security, Training, Administration etc. He is a graduate mechanical engineer with specialization in aeronautical engineering. He is always eager to be involved in imparting training, implementing new ideas and improving existing processes by utilizing his vast experience.