Saurashtra Inscriptions

Written by Alok Mohan on July 3, 2022. Posted in Uncategorized

Rudradaman is known for his famous Junagarh Rock Inscriptions. These are inscribed on rocks near Girnar hill near Junagadh, Gujarat and are dated 130 to150 AD. These inscription, are written in Brahmi script, & are close to pure Sanskrit.
Rudradaman 1, was a saka ruler from the Western Kshatrapas dynasty. He was instrumental in the decline of the Satavahana Empire. Rudradaman 1, had taken up the title of Mahakshtrapa, after he became the king. The Saka dynasty had introduced this Satrapa system in the administration, which was based on power, authority & influence of kings on the based of geographical boundaries of the kingdom, they were ruling.
According to Puranas, Rudradaman 1 ruled for close to 36 years & thereafter he was succeeded by his grandson Agnimitra Shunga.
Inscription number 136.
Inscription on the silver coins of Rudradaman 1 (C.130-150 D.)
References: Rapson,, BMC Coins of the Andhras etc. London 1908 Plate X.
First side: Bust of King to imitation of Inscription – Greek characters.
Second side: Symbol of three arches surmounted by crescent;
wavy line beneath crescent to left star to r: border of dots.
Language: Prakrit influenced by legend in Sanskrit in Brahmi characters.
English Translation of the inscription
Coin of king Mahakshatrapa Rudradaman, son of Kshatrapa Jayadaman.

राझो क्षत्रपस्य जयदाम पुत्रस राझो महाक्षत्रपस्य रुदद्रामस

संस्कृत छाया
राज्ञ: क्षत्रपस्य जयदाम्न पुत्रस राझ: महाक्षत्रपस्य रुदद्राम्न

हिन्दी अनुवाद
राजा जयदामा के पुत्र राजा महाक्षत्रप रुद्रदामा का (सिक्का) ।

1. Rapson ibid. States, °From this period onwards the inscription in Greek characters ceases to have any
meaning. It becomes a mere ornament and traces of it thus continue to appear on coins until the end of the dynasty. In imitation of their Greek predecessors
the Skytho-Parthians, the Kushanas used Greek legends on their coins.
The western Kshatrapas of Skythian
lineage being originally feudatory to the Kushanas, continued the practice of inscribing Greek legends
on one side of their coins.
2. Fomerly considered to indicate a Chaitya, but now believed to represent a hill.
3. Supposed to indicate a river. The three arches on a wavy line may indicate a hill-fort on the bank of a river.

Inscription number 137.
Gunda stone Inscription of the time of Rudrasimha 1, Saka Year 103
(= 181 A.D)
Provenance: Gunda, Jamnagar district, saurashtra.
Script: Gupta Brahmi, early Southern variety.
Language: Sanskrit influenced by Prakrit.
References: G. Buhler ind.Ant, X, pp. 157 f: Bhagwanlal Indraji, Mumbai Gaz, I, i, pp.42 Rapson, J.RA.S, 1899 pp.375 B.M.C. Coins of the Andhras etc, P.lxi, Luders List. Number. 963.
D.R. Bhandarkar A.S.I reports W Circle,
1914-15, pp.67, R.D. Banerji and V.S. Sukthankar,
EP. Ind, XVI, PP.233-236; Sircar Select Inss. I, pp.181-82.

1. सिद्ध र झो मह क्ष त्र प स्य
स्वामि-चष्टन-प्रपोत्रस्य राझो क्षत्रपस्य स्वामि-जयदाम-पौत्रस्य
2. स्य रा [ झो ] महाक्षपस्य स्वामि-रुद्रदाम-पुत्रस्य राझो क्षत्रपस्य स्वामि-रुद्र
3. सीहस्य [व] र्षे ] युत्तरशते 100+3 वैशाख-शुद्धे पंचम धन्य तिथौ रो [ हि ] णि नक्ष
4. त्र-मुहूर्त [-] आभीरेण सेनापति-बाप कस्य पुत्रेण सेनापति रुद्रभूतिना ग्रामे रसो –
5. [ प 1 दिये वापी खानि [ ता ] बन्धा पितश्च सव्ये-सत्वानां हित-सुखार्थमिति (11)

1. From the facsimile in Ep-Ind XVI, plate facing pp236,
2. सिद्धिरस्तु

English Translation of the inscription
Success! On the auspicious fifth tithi of the bright half of Vaisakha, during the auspicious period of the constellation
Rohini, in the year one hundred and three, 103, (in the reign) of the king the Kshatapa, Lord Rudrasimha, the son of the king, the Mahakshatrapa Lord Rudradaman (and) gandson of the king.
the Kahatrapa Lord Jyadaman (and) great grandson of the king.
the Mahakshatrapa, Lord Chashtana, the step-well was caused to
be dug and enbanked in the vllage Rasopaddya for the benefit and comfort of all creatures by the Abhira General Rudrabhuti,
son of the General Bapaka.

1. Superfluous termination
2. Sanskrit सिंहस्य
3 Read त्र्युत्तर
4. Banerjee and Sukhthankar पंच मि ध त् त्य
Sircar धत्ये ण्य
5. Some read श्रवण
6. Abhiras originally lived near vinasana in Rajasthan. Next they settled in the lower Indus Valley and then in Aparanta.
The influential Position of the Abhiras at Aparanta, at the Saka court apparently helped abhira
Varasena in carving out a Kingdom for himself.
7. Sanskrit: रसोपद्रके The viIlage is still unidentified
Buhler पद्रेर्हदार्थे
Indra ji पद्रेर्हद
8. skt: बंधिता
Inscription number 138.
Wandh Inscription of Rudrasimha 1, Year 105 (=183 A. D)
Provenance: Wandh. Manavi taluk, Kutch district, Saurashtra.
(now in Bhuj museum)
Script: Brahmi
Language: Prakrít
References: P. R. Srinivasan. Ep.ind… XXXVIII, pp-142-44.
English Translation of the inscription
Second (tithi) on the dark fortnight day of Karttika, in the year 105 (in the reign of King Mahakshatrapa, lord
Rudrasimha,, son of King Mahakshatrapa. Lord Rudradaman.
On this (aforesaid) date (the pillar was erected by Ajamitra (=Aryamitra) for his mother’s maidservant (Gochandrika)
of Atimuktaka gotra and belonging to the Kachchna (or Khasa) country.


1. From the Facsimile in Ep-Ind.. XXXVII, facing pp-145
and from Satya Shrava, Sakas in India, Pl. XXVI.
2. Srinivasan and Satya shrava: कात्र्तिक
3. Srinivasan and Satya shrava: गो -र्दकं (ठित)

हिन्दी अनुवाद
सफलता होवे । राजा महाक्षत्रप स्वामी चष्टन के प्रपोत्र राजा क्षत्रप स्वामी जयदामा के राजा महाक्षत्रप स्वामी रुद्रदामा के पुत्र राजा क्षत्रप स्वामी रुद्रदामा के राज्यकाल में संवत्सर एक-सौ-तीन, १०३/ विशाख शुक्ला की धन्य पंचम तिथि में, रोहिणी नक्षत्र के शुभ मुहूर्त्त में सेनापति बापक के पुत्र आभीर सेनापति रूद्रभूति ने रसोपद्रिय ग्राम में बावड़ी खुदवाई और तटों पर पक्की करवाई, सब प्राणियों के
हित और सुख के लिए |

Alok Mohan

The admin, Alok Mohan, is a graduate mechanical engineer & possess following post graduate specializations:- M Tech Mechanical Engineering Production Engineering Marine engineering Aeronautical Engineering Computer Sciences Software Engineering Specialization He has authored several articles/papers, which are published in various websites & books. Studium Press India Ltd has published one of his latest contributions “Standardization of Education” as a senior author in a book along with many other famous writers of international repute. Alok Mohan has held important positions in both Govt & Private organisations as a Senior professional & as an Engineer & possess close to four decades accomplished experience. As an aeronautical engineer, he ensured accident incident free flying. As leader of indian team during early 1990s, he had successfully ensured smooth induction of Chukar III PTA with Indian navy as well as conduct of operational training. As an aeronautical engineer, he was instrumental in establishing major aircraft maintenance & repair facilities. He is a QMS, EMS & HSE consultant. He provides consultancy to business organisations for implimentation of the requirements of ISO 45001 OH & S, ISO 14001 EMS & ISO 9001 QMS, AS 9100, AS9120 Aero Space Standards. He is a qualified ISO 9001 QMS, ISO 14001 EMS, ISO 45001 OH & S Lead Auditor (CQI/IRCA recognised certification courses) & HSE Consultant. He is a qualified Zed Master Trainer & Zed Assessor. He has thorough knowledge of six sigma quality concepts & has also been awarded industry 4, certificate from the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation Knowledge Hub Training Platform  He is a Trainer, a Counselor, an Advisor and a Competent professional of cross functional exposures. He has successfully implimented requirements of various international management system standards in several organizations. He is a dedicated technocrat with expertise in Quality Assurance & Quality Control, Facility Management, General Administration, Marketing, Security, Training, Administration etc. He is a graduate mechanical engineer with specialization in aeronautical engineering. He is always eager to be involved in imparting training, implementing new ideas and improving existing processes by utilizing his vast experience.