Shinkot Steatite Casket Inscriptions

Written by Alok Mohan on April 18, 2022. Posted in Uncategorized

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INDO-GREEK Inscriptions
11
Shinkot Steatite Casket Inscriptions of the time of Menander (158 to 138 BC.) and of vijayamitra
Regnal year 5.
Provenance Shinkot, Bajaur Tribal territory in south-eastern
Afghanistan. about 32 kms of the Panjkora, Swat confluence
Script
Kharoshthi
Language: Prakrit. North-Western variety
Reference N.G. Majumdar, Ep Ind XX 7 D.C Sircar ibid XXVI pp. 318 ff Age of imperial unity Pp 114-15 sel.inscI pp102-106 Sten Know N.I.A Jan 1940 pp 639-48 Note on Bajaur inscription of Manendra pp 52 FF M V D Mohan North West India pp 217-18

On the basis of palaeography majumdar has assigned the Group I records in the second century B.C and
Vijayamitra of Group II was probably the son or grand son of Viyakamitra, a feudatory of Manendra and was prabably ldentical with the prince named on certain Indo Scythic coins
SEE Majumdar Ep.ind XXIV p 2 and Sten konow N.I.A 1939-40 p 641.
His son Aparchariaia Indravarman issued certain coins. (Num chron 1944 pp 99 FF) The latter’s son Apavarman was a strategos, first under the saka king Azes and later under the Parthian king Condophares CF his coin legends LMC sec II nos 310-318 and Sec III Nos 35-37.
Greek rule seems to have weekend at the time of Vijayamitra, who omits the mention of his overlord.
2
In the Buddhavamsa (P.T.S.) p68 V.8 the bowl relic Patra of the Buddha is supported to have been deposited at vajira, which may be identical with Bajaur.
Vajravati.mentioned in the Boddhistavadana kalplata (BC Law Geogr Essays 1937, I, p 40) may have been its capital.
A On the rim of the lid
“Manander Maharaj Diwas”
A1
In the centre of lid
A2
Inner face of the lid
“Bhagwato shkmanit prun tamed”
“Prati Thavi”
B
Inside of casket
“Viyakmitrat Aprajat”

1 From the plates in Ep Ind XXIV between pp. 6 & 7 and Sal.Inss. I, Plates.
2 The third figure is in inscribed below the line. In brahmi Inscription this number would be indicated as 10 and 4
Brahmi in inscriptions this number

3 According to Sten Konow Menander himself installed the relic, and got sections A, A1 and A2 recorded
and about a century later viyakamitra the same as Vijayamitra restored the relic. This implies
the Buddhist belief that the Buddha ‘s relics were endowed with life and could perform miracles.

Group II
C
Centre of the lid
1
1 Vijay Mitra
2 Pate pratithvide
D
Inside the casket

1 “ime sharir pulugbhodrjo na tkre atrit”
Ta shrijatri kldre no.
Shoro na pindovkevi pitri grinvatri
2 tut ye patre apemuj vdme punchmye
Ye mst diwas punchvishesh iyo
3 patrithvitre vijay mitren aparchjen bhagwat shukimunit Tums
Budt shrir

Identified with the father of Apracharaja Indravarman, whose coin legends are
Vijaymitra-putre Itrvmet aprchjrt
See L M.C Sec II p and plate XVII and
Nun Chron 1944 Pp-94-104

2 Sten Konow Ime shrir plug bhut thun tkrjati rr tut shriati klde na pito bkevi grimvati
This relic, its place having been damaged, to be repaired.
Its periodical offering is being discontinued, not does anybody let the Pitras get Sraddha, nott
Pind odaka
3 Majumdar
On the back of the casket
Vishiplen aungkten tvitre

Sten Konow 31aungkten
According to him the phrase
is equivalent to Greek Anankaois,
which was used in the sense of a ruler’s advisors, court and friends and became Something like an
honor (cf J.R.A.S 1939, p.265, D.C Sircar
Sel Insq I p 105 n rejects both the reading as well as the intarpretation
2 Exact connotation is not clear. Also interpreted as
“king without rival and “king of the west (a-prächya)
etc
Sanskrit pratyanch means equal to, “A match for”
The phrase accordingly mean
An unequalled king or A king without a match”

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Alok Mohan

The admin, Alok Mohan, is a graduate mechanical engineer & possess following post graduate specializations:- M Tech Mechanical Engineering Production Engineering Marine engineering Aeronautical Engineering Computer Sciences Software Engineering Specialization He has authored several articles/papers, which are published in various websites & books. Studium Press India Ltd has published one of his latest contributions “Standardization of Education” as a senior author in a book along with many other famous writers of international repute. Alok Mohan has held important positions in both Govt & Private organisations as a Senior professional & as an Engineer & possess close to four decades accomplished experience. As an aeronautical engineer, he ensured accident incident free flying. As leader of indian team during early 1990s, he had successfully ensured smooth induction of Chukar III PTA with Indian navy as well as conduct of operational training. As an aeronautical engineer, he was instrumental in establishing major aircraft maintenance & repair facilities. He is a QMS, EMS & HSE consultant. He provides consultancy to business organisations for implimentation of the requirements of ISO 45001 OH & S, ISO 14001 EMS & ISO 9001 QMS, AS 9100, AS9120 Aero Space Standards. He is a qualified ISO 9001 QMS, ISO 14001 EMS, ISO 45001 OH & S Lead Auditor (CQI/IRCA recognised certification courses) & HSE Consultant. He is a qualified Zed Master Trainer & Zed Assessor. He has thorough knowledge of six sigma quality concepts & has also been awarded industry 4, certificate from the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation Knowledge Hub Training Platform  He is a Trainer, a Counselor, an Advisor and a Competent professional of cross functional exposures. He has successfully implimented requirements of various international management system standards in several organizations. He is a dedicated technocrat with expertise in Quality Assurance & Quality Control, Facility Management, General Administration, Marketing, Security, Training, Administration etc. He is a graduate mechanical engineer with specialization in aeronautical engineering. He is always eager to be involved in imparting training, implementing new ideas and improving existing processes by utilizing his vast experience.