ancient indian history

Taxila Silver Vase Inscription of Jihonika

#Taxila #Silver Vase #Inscription of #Jihonika
Year 191 (AD 134)
Provenance : #Sirkap ( Taxila). #Ravalpindi district, Pakistan
Script Kharoshthi
Language Prakrit
References Sten konow C.I.I, II, i, Page 81. ff(No XXX)
D C Sircar Sel.Inss, I, Page135

क 1(+) 100(+) 20(+) 20(+) 20(+) 20(+) 10(+)
हिन्दी अनुवाद
काल = संवत्सर 191 में महाराज (भ्राता ) मणिगुल के पुत्र चुख्स के क्षत्रय का

1. From the facsimile in C.I.I, II Page 82
2. Konow C.I.I, II Page 82 states that क is the first akshra of the record and suggests that क is an abbreviation of
काते But later Ep.Ind XXX, Page 255, he accepted that the reading and interpretation of Thomas.
(Gottingscha gelehrte Anzeigan, 1931,Page 4) namely “स क 191” i.e in the year 191 of Saka era. No doubt there is trace of a letter क in the photograph (C.I.I. II, i, Page 82, Plate XVI, b) Though it is not visible on the vase itself. D C Sircar Sel.Inss, I, Page 131, n.2, feels that this trace in the photograph is क, but क क would make no sense. This trace is such that it can also be read as स. In either case, the reading is conjectural and no convincing theory can be built on it regarding the identification of the eras on these records.
See also Suvpra no 55, L 1, n2, Kalwan copper plate inscription of the year 134
English Translation of the inscription
“In the year 191 of Maharaja, the son of Manigula, Jihonika, the satrap of Chuksha

The Satraps, or the Kshatrapas were saka rulers of the western and central part of India. The Western Satraps were contemporaneous with the Kushans, who ruled the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, and were possibly vassals of the Kushans.
They were also contemporaneous with the Satavahana (Andhra) who ruled in Central India. They are called “Western Satraps” in modern historiography in order to differentiate them from the “Northern Satraps”, who ruled in Punjab and Mathura until the 2nd century CE.
We further learn that Jihonika’s father, Manigula, was the brother of sonic maharaja. There are several references of the Indo Scythian ruler, Jihonika son of Manigula, on various inscriptions and coins as has been discussed earlier & the kushan rulers had subsequently copied the style of their coins.

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