Vishnukundins

Written by Alok Mohan on January 18, 2023. Posted in Uncategorized

THE VISHHNUKUNDINS.

The early rulers of the dynasty migrated from eastern deccan to the west deccan in search of employment however subsequently, they attained feudatory status. During the reign of Madhava Varma, Vishnukundin became independent and conquered coastal Andhra from the Salankayanas  and established his capital at Denduluru, near Eluru. The dynasty had initially ruled from Indrapalanagara and later shifted to Denduluru, and Amaravati. Vishnukundin empire was divided into a number of Karma Rashtra, Rashtras, Guddadi, Vishaya etc. All disputes were sent to the highest court of justice headed by the king. Vishnukundina rulers had established several well documented punishments for various crimes. Vishnukundin kings were known for their impartial judgment and high sense of justice.

Inscription number 49.

Ipur Plates of Madhavavarman 1, son of Devavarman.
Provenance: In the possession of Brindavanam Gopalacharlu
of Ipur, Tenali taluk, Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh.
Script: Early southern type of Brahmi.
Language: Sanskrit.
References: E. Hultzsch, Ep.Ind, XVII, pp.337-39.
(For Vishnukundin genealogy, see in Infra, IV, 50,  n.1.)
Footnote 1.
From the facsimile in Ep.Ind, XVI, facing pp.338.
2. Malaya is the same as the western Ghats. Note that Devavarman is not given any royal title.
He may not have ruled.
3. Sriparvata is the same as modern srisailam in Kurnul district.
4. Hultzschs: मुरो – क – कि-ग्रामे
Footnote-2.
1. Hultzch:  राज-ध्यानोदात्ता
2. Expressed by the spiral symbol. वा
is an an abbreviation for वासा a Prakritised form of वाप or
may stand for  वार्ष: पक्ष:. or वासन्त: पक्ष:
3. The seal impression in the Ep.Ind. XVII is illegible
4. The reading given above is produced from Hultzsch.
English Translation of the inscription.
Hail ! ! From Amarapura, the dear grandson of the illustrious Maharaja Madhavavarman, who had shaken off the sins of the world by ritual baths at the end of eleven horse
sacrifices, who had performed a thousand agnistoma Sacrifices,
whose pair of lotus-like feet was studded with the jewels of
the crest of the diadems of many bowing vassals, the dear
son of illlustrious Devavarman. whose matchless renowned valour
started with an attack on kshatriyas, the glorious Madhavavarman,
the lord of the Trikuta and Malaya (mountains) who is endowed
with statesmanship, modesty and stamina, who meditates on the
feet of the holy lord of Sriparvata and who belongs to the family of Vishnukundins. commands as follows, the people at the village of Murodyakadriki.
We have granted ths village Murodyakadriki to
Agnisarman and Indrasarman
who are rich in the
Performance of self restraint, Yama the obligatory rituals, myama, the study of sacred texts and Sacrifices.
knowing thus this village be exempted by the district officials janapadaih and caused to be exempted by others.
The execution of this charter was obtained from the mouth of the vishnukundin sovereign. The year 47, the 7th day of the 7th fortnight of the rainy season (or spring season)
Om !
Here follow two of the customary verses.
Seal: The illustrious Madhavavaman.
Footnote.
Yama and niyama are the first two of the eight steps or stages of yoga, the last stage being samadhi or
ultimate communion with God.
Serially the eight steps are Yama, niyama, asana, pranayama, pratyahara
dharama dhyana, samadhi.

 

Alok Mohan

The admin, Alok Mohan, is a graduate mechanical engineer & possess following post graduate specializations:- M Tech Mechanical Engineering Production Engineering Marine engineering Aeronautical Engineering Computer Sciences Software Engineering Specialization He has authored several articles/papers, which are published in various websites & books. Studium Press India Ltd has published one of his latest contributions “Standardization of Education” as a senior author in a book along with many other famous writers of international repute. Alok Mohan has held important positions in both Govt & Private organisations as a Senior professional & as an Engineer & possess close to four decades accomplished experience. As an aeronautical engineer, he ensured accident incident free flying. As leader of indian team during early 1990s, he had successfully ensured smooth induction of Chukar III PTA with Indian navy as well as conduct of operational training. As an aeronautical engineer, he was instrumental in establishing major aircraft maintenance & repair facilities. He is a QMS, EMS & HSE consultant. He provides consultancy to business organisations for implimentation of the requirements of ISO 45001 OH & S, ISO 14001 EMS & ISO 9001 QMS, AS 9100, AS9120 Aero Space Standards. He is a qualified ISO 9001 QMS, ISO 14001 EMS, ISO 45001 OH & S Lead Auditor (CQI/IRCA recognised certification courses) & HSE Consultant. He is a qualified Zed Master Trainer & Zed Assessor. He has thorough knowledge of six sigma quality concepts & has also been awarded industry 4, certificate from the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation Knowledge Hub Training Platform  He is a Trainer, a Counselor, an Advisor and a Competent professional of cross functional exposures. He has successfully implimented requirements of various international management system standards in several organizations. He is a dedicated technocrat with expertise in Quality Assurance & Quality Control, Facility Management, General Administration, Marketing, Security, Training, Administration etc. He is a graduate mechanical engineer with specialization in aeronautical engineering. He is always eager to be involved in imparting training, implementing new ideas and improving existing processes by utilizing his vast experience.