Zeda Inscription of Kanishka 1

Written by Alok Mohan on June 5, 2022. Posted in Uncategorized

69 Zeda Inscription of Kanishka 1, Year 11 ( A. D. 89)
Provenance: Zeda, near Und. Rawalpindi district, Pakistan.
Script: Kharoshthi
Language: Prakrit influenced by Sanskrit.
References: Cunningham, A.S.I,. v, 1875. pp-57 f-r. Senart.
J.A, VIII, xv. 1890. Pp. 135 FF, Boyer. J.A, x, iii. 1904. pp.466 ff, E. Thomas, J.R.A.S. 1877. p-9, n-1; Buhler, J.R.A.S. 1894, p.535.
R D. Banerji. I.A.J XXXVII, 1908, pp. 46, 72; Sten Konow, Ep. Ind. XIX, pp-1 ff, C.I.I., II,i, Pp 142-145 (No. LXXV) ; N.G. Majumdar, List. No 95 D.C. Sircar, Sel.Inss, I, pp.140-41.
1. From the facsimile in C. I.I, II, i, p.140. Plate: XXVI, 2.
The 4×1 stone, on which this inscription is engraved, is very rough and damaged; hence the Reading is not free from doubt.
Reading of lines 2-3, by earlier scholars
Considerably vary and are difficult to interpret.
2. In Ashadha, the nakshatra uttara-Phalguna falls on the
5th-8th days of the Sukla-palksha The month, therefore was Purnimanta
Van Vijk, Acta Orientalia, v, pp-168 ff..
has on the basis of simultaneous references to the date and nakshatra, calculated it as corresponding to the 19th June, AD.139.

1. Reading is due to Konow. Earlier Luders had read it as खणे कुए Other readings e.g वनं उम्प भनं उक खनं उस्फ
do not make any sense
2. Konow मुरोडस्य equivalent to saka word मुसण्ड
3. According to Konow, it is an older form of the Khotani-
Saka word malysaki i.e malzaki, which is possibly an equivalent to गृहपति
4. Konow. op-cit. p.143, regards it as the name of the donor
and compares the word with Greek names. Hippeos, Hippias.
5. Senart क्षहरस
6. Boyer पुनर्वधसे सघमित्रस दन
Gift of Samghamitra, in order to increase his merit.
English Translation of the Inscription

Anno 11, on the 20th day of the month Ashadha. in Uttaraphalguna. At this moment, a well was dug of
householder. Veroda, during the reign of Kanishka, and further a water-giver. the gift of Hippeeadnia for the
increase of the Sarvastivada, in honouring of the Kshatrapa Liaka, for the benefit of his mother.
Made is this gift
through the favour of the elder Samghamitraraja..

Ashoka, the Mauryan Ruler, who played a prominent role in the spread of Buddhism, was the father of Sanghamitra and Mahendravarman. He was an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty who ruled almost all of the Indian subcontinent.
According to Chinese historians, Kanishka was killed when his army revolted against him as he had adopted Buddhism and continued to worship Vedic deities.
Historians of colonial era, had wrongly created Aryan invasion theory. They had also made a few nasty conclusions & equated mauryan dynasty to Alexander’s invasion of Asia, however
Discoveries of these Inscriptions and various edicts had thrown light on real history of ancient India.
Entire south Asia was once hindu nation till Ashoka had spread Buddhism. Inscriptions found from south north west and east india, point to the same civilization having almost same culture, traditions & language. Understand there was a minor difference between brahmi script Inscriptions found from south India & north india.



Alok Mohan

The admin, Alok Mohan, is a graduate mechanical engineer & possess following post graduate specializations:- M Tech Mechanical Engineering Production Engineering Marine engineering Aeronautical Engineering Computer Sciences Software Engineering Specialization He has authored several articles/papers, which are published in various websites & books. Studium Press India Ltd has published one of his latest contributions “Standardization of Education” as a senior author in a book along with many other famous writers of international repute. Alok Mohan has held important positions in both Govt & Private organisations as a Senior professional & as an Engineer & possess close to four decades accomplished experience. As an aeronautical engineer, he ensured accident incident free flying. As leader of indian team during early 1990s, he had successfully ensured smooth induction of Chukar III PTA with Indian navy as well as conduct of operational training. As an aeronautical engineer, he was instrumental in establishing major aircraft maintenance & repair facilities. He is a QMS, EMS & HSE consultant. He provides consultancy to business organisations for implimentation of the requirements of ISO 45001 OH & S, ISO 14001 EMS & ISO 9001 QMS, AS 9100, AS9120 Aero Space Standards. He is a qualified ISO 9001 QMS, ISO 14001 EMS, ISO 45001 OH & S Lead Auditor (CQI/IRCA recognised certification courses) & HSE Consultant. He is a qualified Zed Master Trainer & Zed Assessor. He has thorough knowledge of six sigma quality concepts & has also been awarded industry 4, certificate from the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation Knowledge Hub Training Platform  He is a Trainer, a Counselor, an Advisor and a Competent professional of cross functional exposures. He has successfully implimented requirements of various international management system standards in several organizations. He is a dedicated technocrat with expertise in Quality Assurance & Quality Control, Facility Management, General Administration, Marketing, Security, Training, Administration etc. He is a graduate mechanical engineer with specialization in aeronautical engineering. He is always eager to be involved in imparting training, implementing new ideas and improving existing processes by utilizing his vast experience.