Kodavali Rock Inscription

Written by Alok Mohan on July 26, 2022. Posted in Uncategorized

Inscription number 175.
Kodavali Rock Inscription of chandasati
– Regnal Year 2.
Provenance: Dhanam-dibba (i.e. Treasure-mound) 3 kilometre to the
north-west of tbe village kodevali on Samallkota-Kattipudi road, Pithaparm, East Godavri district, Andhra Pradesh.
Script: Brahmi of about 3rd cetury AD.
Language: Prakrit.
References: Sten Konow, Z.D.M.G, LXII, pp – 91 f, . Director General of Archaeology. Annual Survey Report,
1907-08, pp.225, Luders. List of brahmi Inscriptions, Ep.Ind, Krishna Sastri. Ep.Ind.. XVIIL pp-316-19.
Kodavali is a small village in East Godavari district, about 20 kilometers north of Pithapuram and about 35 kilometers north of Kakinada. On a hill there is the Kodavali archaeological site that is predominantly Buddhist. There is a major stupa and a vihara complex, also in Kodavali. Kodavali Buddhist site comes from the golden era of Buddhism.The site is located on the hilltop consists of a Mahastupa 12 (meter) and a Pradakshinapath around it. As many as nine votive stupas were built surrounding the Mahastupa. Remains of huge vihara were also found by the Archaeological Survey of India. ASI also recorded the fragments of stone caskets, Chhatri, redware bowls, vases, and carinated handi. A flight of steps was also laid to reach the hilltop.
It is evident from the events of recent history, that there has been a tendency to look for Brahmans behind every process of sanskritization. Various archeological sites & Inscriptions, suggest that Sanskrit, was not limited to hindus but it was also a native language of Jain and Budhist monks. This assumption becomes evident if we study relations between various ancient scripts, languages, religions like Jainism & budhism, and their identity in society. There were various competing schools of Jainism and Buddhism that had emerged consequent to Asoka’s violent conquests, in south asia.

This Brahmi inscription states Chandasati – a Hindu king had established a cellar, in the stupa premises of the amatya. The hindu king used to give liberal gifts to the Buddhist and Jain monasteries and constructed water wells for the monks.
Three centuries preceding and after, witnessed phenomenal rise and growth of Buddhist & Jain institutions in south asia, with the help of generous gifts from Hindu kings.
This inscription helps us to reach a conclusion that the Kodavali site was built before or during the 2nd century CE.
1. सिधं रत्र ( ओ) वासिठी
2. पुतस सामि सिरि
3. चंडसा ति स वर्ष 5
Footnote 2

1. The Andhra or Satavanana king chandasati is already known from a number of coins found in Krisnna and
Godavad districts.
2. From the facsimile in Ep.Ind. XVIIl, facing pp.318.
The rock-face is considerably worn out. Readings of several letters are conjectural.
3. Sten Konow सवछरे
H krisna Sastri र ज़ि – वछरे
But there is neither space nor any trace of ज़ि before what he reads वछरे
What Konow reads as स and Sastri as र
seems to be an irregular depression caused by weathering in the
space left between complete words, which Latter, fact has been noticed by Sastri.
4. ( मा — ) हे प 2 दिवस 2(1) एत
5. अमचस (भू ) मिवेश ( म ) धम (रा -जिए)
6. थापित

Footnote 3
1. Konow है प 3 दिवस दसमे and Sastri
म 1 प 2 दि 1 खडवलि
Mention of the month before the name of the paksha, is neither necessary nor ia found elsewhere in Inscription. In fact the reading is extremely doubtful and is based on the erroneous assumption that successive lines begin
symmetrical one under the other.
Sastri identifies खडवनि with Kodavali, where the inscription is found.
Phonetic similarity in this case lends some plausibility.
to hi Deadinç
2 Konow भुमिवेस Sastri स (स )मि खगु , Sastri conjecturally explains खगु or खड्न्गु as a rock out
Well (7), and ससमि as ‘by Sasa (the amatya).
3. The traces of these two letters are visible. though they are to the left of था which is exactly under in the beginning of l.5.
4. The word “Dharmarazika” frequently used in the inscriptions of the period, in the sense of stupa ot
rather for the entire building complex around a stupa.
English Translation of the inscription

In the year 5, of the king,. the Lord
Sri Chandasvati, the son of vasishthi, (in the 1st month,) the 2nd fortnight of autumn on the 2nd day, on this (date this) Underground cellar was established in the stupa premises of the amatya. ( minister)

Alok Mohan

The admin, Alok Mohan, is a graduate mechanical engineer & possess following post graduate specializations:- M Tech Mechanical Engineering Production Engineering Marine engineering Aeronautical Engineering Computer Sciences Software Engineering Specialization He has authored several articles/papers, which are published in various websites & books. Studium Press India Ltd has published one of his latest contributions “Standardization of Education” as a senior author in a book along with many other famous writers of international repute. Alok Mohan has held important positions in both Govt & Private organisations as a Senior professional & as an Engineer & possess close to four decades accomplished experience. As an aeronautical engineer, he ensured accident incident free flying. As leader of indian team during early 1990s, he had successfully ensured smooth induction of Chukar III PTA with Indian navy as well as conduct of operational training. As an aeronautical engineer, he was instrumental in establishing major aircraft maintenance & repair facilities. He is a QMS, EMS & HSE consultant. He provides consultancy to business organisations for implimentation of the requirements of ISO 45001 OH & S, ISO 14001 EMS & ISO 9001 QMS, AS 9100, AS9120 Aero Space Standards. He is a qualified ISO 9001 QMS, ISO 14001 EMS, ISO 45001 OH & S Lead Auditor (CQI/IRCA recognised certification courses) & HSE Consultant. He is a qualified Zed Master Trainer & Zed Assessor. He has thorough knowledge of six sigma quality concepts & has also been awarded industry 4, certificate from the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation Knowledge Hub Training Platform  He is a Trainer, a Counselor, an Advisor and a Competent professional of cross functional exposures. He has successfully implimented requirements of various international management system standards in several organizations. He is a dedicated technocrat with expertise in Quality Assurance & Quality Control, Facility Management, General Administration, Marketing, Security, Training, Administration etc. He is a graduate mechanical engineer with specialization in aeronautical engineering. He is always eager to be involved in imparting training, implementing new ideas and improving existing processes by utilizing his vast experience.