ancient indian history

Kosam Inscripiton

Inscription number 123

Kosam Stone Slab Inscription of Bhadremagha. Year 66 ( A.D 164)
Provenance: Hasanabad,. near Kosam Prayagraj.UP.
Script Brahmi of the Northern Class of 2nd-3rd century A.D
Language: Defective Sanskrit.
References D.R. Soni, , Ep Ind-. XVIII, pp-158-60, Pl.No.III,
D-C. Sircar. Sel.inss, I, pp-163, Number 57A

According to the Puranas, nine kings of od Magha dynasty ruled in South Kosala. Six of these are known from
their copious coinage and several inscriptions found in Bandhogarh in the heart of Baghelkhand. Bcadramagha’s
inscriptions are found as far north as Kausambi. These inscriptions are dated but there is a great controversy regarding the era used.
Sahni read the year in the present inscription as 88, and assigned it to Gupta Era that commenced in 320 A D This would make Bhadramagha
Contemporary of Chandergupta Vikramaditya (375-413 AD) When an independent king of Kausambi is not plausible.
All the Gupta vassals had to refer to their sovereign in their Inscriptions and they are not permitted to issue their coins. Jayaswal History of India (pp 230-31) it to Kalachuri year of 248 to 249 AD. And A Ghosh, Indian Culture. IP 715, considers it to be a Magha
dynastic era whose use was confined to only Magha dominious. A.S. Altekar “The vakataka Gupta age”
1960. p-41,.accepts it as Saka era sp does D-C. Sircar. Sel.Inss, I. pp163. n-1, who regards Saka and Kanishka as
One and the same era begnning in 78AD.
This is plausible. because it will make Bhadramagha a junior
contemporary of Vasudeva Kushana.
Disintegration of Kushana empire had already started, making it possible for Bhadramagha to annex Kausambi.
2. From the facsimile in Ep.Ind. XVIII, facing pp.160. No.III-
3. Indistinct May as well be read as सिद्धम
4. Sahni: ma (e) ghasya.
Text of the inscription
1. स्वस्ति महाराजस्य श्री भर्दम यस्य
2. संवत्सरे 80+6 वर्षा पक्ष 3 दिवस 5
3. कस्य श म परस्थ पुत्त्र हेमाड़गन
4. दत्ता अयाया देवदार

English Translation of the inscription

Well being on the day 5, of the luner half-month (paksha) 3, of the rainy season of the year 86 of Maharaja
Sri Bhadramagha, (this) divine door is donated for the Arya by Hemanga son of. – – – ka who was devoted to peace
संस्कृत छाया
    [स्वस्ति ] महाराजस्य श्री भद्रमघ  स्य संवत्सरे  86.. वर्ष पक्षे – 3. दिवसे ५ कस्य श म परस्य पुत्रेन हेमाड् न्गेन
[ दत्त । आर्यायै देवद्वारम्

Sanskrit, Hindi & English Translation of the ancient Inscriptions, by Dr Mehta Vasishtha Dev Mohan –
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Research scholars of religious and political history of India are requested to give due Citation to this research work.
They may download the material from
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Published & Edited by
Cdr Alok Mohan
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