Krishna Janmabhoomi

Written by Alok Mohan on July 24, 2023. Posted in Uncategorized

Krishna Janmasthan Temple vs Shahi Eidgah mosque

Krishna Janmabhoomi is a significant hindu religious site in the city of Mathura, located in the state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the birthplace of Lord Krishna. According to Hindu religious scriptures, Lord Krishna was born in a prison cell in Mathura over 5,000 years ago, located at the place, where now Shahi Eidgah mosque, which was built by Aurangjeb after destroying Krishna temple. The site holds immense religious importance for hindus and has been a place of pilgrimage for centuries. Many temples and shrines dedicated to Lord Krishna can be found in and around Mathura, with the Krishna Janmabhoomi temple being one of the most prominent.
The history of the site is complex and has seen several changes during mughal & British era.
The current temple at the Krishna Janmabhoomi site, has been a focal point of religious and cultural activities for devotees from all over the world.
The temple comprise a cluster of small temples in Mallapura, Mathura.
These temples were destroyed many times throughout history, especially during the reign of Aurangzeb in 1670. He built the Eidgah mosque there which still stands.
 In 20th century, once again a new temple complex adjacent the mosque was built with the financial help from local industrialists containing the Keshavdeva temple, the Garbha Griha temple at the birthplace and the Bhagavata Bhavan.
As we are aware that, Lord Krishna was born to Devaki & Vasudeva in a jail, where they were confined by his maternal uncle Kansa, a king of Mathura.
 A temple dedicated to Lord Krishna was built, by his great grandson Vajranabh, at his Janmasthan, close to 5000 years ago. The present site, was known as Katra. The archaeological excavations of the site had revealed pottery and terracotta from 6th century BC.
Another vaishnava temple may also have erected on the place as early as the first century. A whole new magnificent temple complex was rebuilt at the place by Gupta Emperor Chandergupta II,  in 400 C.E.
A few Inscriptions (8th century) found from this place mentions donations to the site by the Rashtrakutas.

In 1017 or 1018, Mahmud of Gajni attacked these temples. Ghazni’s scribe, though not accompanying him on the expedition, Al Utbi describes in his Tarikh-i-Yamini neighbouring holy town which is identified as Mathura. He wrote, “In the centre of the city there was a huge and magnificent temple, which the people believed wasn’t built by men but by the angels, from heaven.
Any description of the temple, either in words or in pictures, would fall short and fail to convey its beauty.” Mahmud of Ghazni wrote, “if any one wished to construct a building equal to it, he would not be able to do so without spending a hundred million dinars, and the work would occupy two hundred years, even though the most able and experienced workmen were employed. He ordered to destroy & demolish all temples. He looted gold and silver idols and carried away a load of hundred camels.
A stone inscription in Sanskrit found from the site mentions that in Vikram Samvat  1207 (1150) a person named Jajja who may have been a vassal of Gahadavala  built another Vishnu temple here, which was ‘brilliantly white and touching the clouds.
During the reign of king Jehangir,  Tarikh-i-Daudi mentions about the destruction of Mathura and its temples by the forces of Sikandar Lodi in 16th century. Lodi had prohibited Hindus from bathing in the river and shaving of heads on the banks as well.
During the year 1618 A.D, Raja Veer Singh Deva Bundela of Orchha had also built this temple, once again, at the cost of thirty-three lakhs.
 Mughal prince Dara Shikoh had patronised the temple and donated a railing to the temple, but the railing was subsequently removed by Mathura governor Abdun Nabi Khan on the order of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb and thereafter he built the Jama mosque on the ruins of the Hindu temples.
During the Jat rebellion in Mathura, Abdul Nabi Khan was killed in 1669. Aurangzeb attacked Mathura and destroyed that Keshavdeva temple in 1670 and built the Shahi Eidgah in its place.
The East India Company auctioned the land of Katra in the year 1804 A.D. The land was purchased by Raja Patnimal, a wealthy banker of Banaras. Raja Patnimal wanted to build the temple but could not do so. His descendants inherited the land of Katra. His descendant Rai Krishna Das is the owner of close to 14 acres of land on which the shrine and the Shahi Eidgah are situated. Understand that
Shri Madan Mohan Malaviya acquired the land from Raj Krishna Das on 7 February 1944 at the cost of Rs. 13000 with financial help of Industrialist Jugal Kishore Birla. Following death of Malaviya, Jugal Kishore Birla formed a trust named Shri Krishna Janmabhoomi Trust, later registered as the Shri Krishna Janmasthan Seva Sansthan, on 21 February 1951 and acquired the land. Birla entrusted the construction of the new temple with another industrialist and philanthropist Jaidayal Dalmia. The construction of Lord Krishna  temple complex had started in October 1953 with leveling of lands and completed in February 1982.

Alok Mohan

The admin, Alok Mohan, is a graduate mechanical engineer & possess following post graduate specializations:- M Tech Mechanical Engineering Production Engineering Marine engineering Aeronautical Engineering Computer Sciences Software Engineering Specialization He has authored several articles/papers, which are published in various websites & books. Studium Press India Ltd has published one of his latest contributions “Standardization of Education” as a senior author in a book along with many other famous writers of international repute. Alok Mohan has held important positions in both Govt & Private organisations as a Senior professional & as an Engineer & possess close to four decades accomplished experience. As an aeronautical engineer, he ensured accident incident free flying. As leader of indian team during early 1990s, he had successfully ensured smooth induction of Chukar III PTA with Indian navy as well as conduct of operational training. As an aeronautical engineer, he was instrumental in establishing major aircraft maintenance & repair facilities. He is a QMS, EMS & HSE consultant. He provides consultancy to business organisations for implimentation of the requirements of ISO 45001 OH & S, ISO 14001 EMS & ISO 9001 QMS, AS 9100, AS9120 Aero Space Standards. He is a qualified ISO 9001 QMS, ISO 14001 EMS, ISO 45001 OH & S Lead Auditor (CQI/IRCA recognised certification courses) & HSE Consultant. He is a qualified Zed Master Trainer & Zed Assessor. He has thorough knowledge of six sigma quality concepts & has also been awarded industry 4, certificate from the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation Knowledge Hub Training Platform  He is a Trainer, a Counselor, an Advisor and a Competent professional of cross functional exposures. He has successfully implimented requirements of various international management system standards in several organizations. He is a dedicated technocrat with expertise in Quality Assurance & Quality Control, Facility Management, General Administration, Marketing, Security, Training, Administration etc. He is a graduate mechanical engineer with specialization in aeronautical engineering. He is always eager to be involved in imparting training, implementing new ideas and improving existing processes by utilizing his vast experience.