Madras Museum Plates of Anantasaktivarman

Written by Alok Mohan on December 15, 2022. Posted in Uncategorized

Vishakha Varman of the Mathara dynasty, had established his rule in Kalinga region, with its headquarters
at Sripura. He had carried the title Sri
Maharaja of the small territory. His kingdom comprised several
Panchalis. There is a myth that matharas had donated a village namely Tapoyoka in one of these Panchalis to Pandavas, who had approached him in disguise as five Brahmanas/bhikshus, during the seventh year of his reign.  According to the early Ganga kings records, the
Rarasodaka Panchali was included in
the Kalinga territory. During ancient times matharas had acquired a very high social status and they had matrimonial relations with several
powerful ruling families in Rosala and
South India.
During 420 to 450 CE, there was a rise of another vishnukundin dynasty. This dynasty was founded by Madhavavarman 1, who was a contemporary of Ananta-sakti-varman.
The vishnukundins had fought several battles with  Matharas & Pallavas. They defeated mathara king Ananta-sakti-varman and pallava king Simhavarman 2. 
At the time of issuance of these grants, the war had continued and Ananta-sakti-varman was forced to shift his capital from Pishta-pura to Simha-pura. However he consolidated his position in northern and middle Kalinga.
Inscription number 15. 
Madras Museum Plates of Anantasaktivarman
Regnal Year 26.
Provenance: Not known
Script:  Brahmi Southern class of about the 5th century A.D.
Language: Sanskrit
References: M. Venkataramayya, Ep.Ind, XXVIII, pp.226 to 235.
Footnote 1.

1. From the facsimile in EpInd, XXVIII, facing pp.234.Note that sandhi has not been effected between many words.
2. ब and रा   are engraved over slightly erased रा and ह  respectively. Apparently the engraver discovered after incising  राह the omission of ब 
and made the correction.
3. These words are also engraved over erased writing. Venkata-ramayya opines that the grant is a palimpsest written over a previous charter, whose script was not earlier than that of the present charter. But except for the correction is
noted above there is no trace of overwriting.
English Translation of the inscription.
Peace From the victorious city of simhapura, the ruler of Kalinga, the illustrious Maharaja Anantasaktivarman
who received (his) body, kingdom and prosperity through the grace of His Majesty, his revered father, a great devotee of the gods, desirous of ornamenting the Mathara family, commands all the assembly of house-holders in the village of Sakunaka,

adjacent to Avi in (the di strict of varahavarttanis:-
“we have granted this Village, making it an agrahara, to stay as long as the moon and the stars do to these two
brahmana brothers Nagarasaman and Durgasarman of Katyayana gotra
and student of the Taittiriya sakha, for the increase of our religious merit longevity and fame Therefore, knowing thus, you should attend upon him according to due customary rules.
And (he) enjoins the future kings that having obtained the earth through the agency of any one of the righteousness, inheritance and prowess while ruling over it you should protect
this agrahara, seeing the religious merit in this initiated pious gift. And in this context, there are verses sung by
Here follow three of the traditional imprecatory verses.
The Dutakas are the to Kumaramatyas Senior Generals and Dandanetris. sivabhojaka and Vasudatta. 
Written by the Keeper of the Area records, the Talavara Arjunadatta on the tenths of the bright half of the month Phalguna in the year 26.
Footnote 2.
1. Venkataramayya read the numeral as 8.
2. Identified with the modern simhapuram near srikakulam,
3. It seems to be identical with the sakunagrama described in
the Andhavaram plates of Anantavarman (C.P. No.6 of 1951-52)
as touching the villages of Dirghavata and sindhivasi.
These last two villages are identifiable with the modern villages Dirghasi and sindhuvada respectively. since these
and some other identified villages like Rohnaki (modern Ronanki ) avagrama (modern Naogam) siddharthaka (modern sidahantam) of the Varahavartani mentioned in the East
Ganga records, are all included in the modern Takkali and Sri-kakulam taluks Varahavartani district must have covered this area. Sten Konow Ep.Ind. XI, pp.140 located this division roughly along the course (Vartani) of  the Varahanadi, which rises in golakonda hills and emptied into the Bay of
Footnote 3.
1. Venkataramayya takes it in the sense of a judge, But danda stands for armed forces. And Dandanetri should be
a designation of a military commander of a rank lower than the Mahabaladhikrita since one and the same officer, could not hold both the higher and the lower rank, it
appears, the two designations, compounded as they are with
the names of two officers, should be applied in the same order respectively to them, In other words, Sivabhojaka was a kumaramatya and Mahabaladhikrita, while Vasudatta was a Kumaramatya and a Dandanetri.

Alok Mohan

The admin, Alok Mohan, is a graduate mechanical engineer & possess following post graduate specializations:- M Tech Mechanical Engineering Production Engineering Marine engineering Aeronautical Engineering Computer Sciences Software Engineering Specialization He has authored several articles/papers, which are published in various websites & books. Studium Press India Ltd has published one of his latest contributions “Standardization of Education” as a senior author in a book along with many other famous writers of international repute. Alok Mohan has held important positions in both Govt & Private organisations as a Senior professional & as an Engineer & possess close to four decades accomplished experience. As an aeronautical engineer, he ensured accident incident free flying. As leader of indian team during early 1990s, he had successfully ensured smooth induction of Chukar III PTA with Indian navy as well as conduct of operational training. As an aeronautical engineer, he was instrumental in establishing major aircraft maintenance & repair facilities. He is a QMS, EMS & HSE consultant. He provides consultancy to business organisations for implimentation of the requirements of ISO 45001 OH & S, ISO 14001 EMS & ISO 9001 QMS, AS 9100, AS9120 Aero Space Standards. He is a qualified ISO 9001 QMS, ISO 14001 EMS, ISO 45001 OH & S Lead Auditor (CQI/IRCA recognised certification courses) & HSE Consultant. He is a qualified Zed Master Trainer & Zed Assessor. He has thorough knowledge of six sigma quality concepts & has also been awarded industry 4, certificate from the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation Knowledge Hub Training Platform  He is a Trainer, a Counselor, an Advisor and a Competent professional of cross functional exposures. He has successfully implimented requirements of various international management system standards in several organizations. He is a dedicated technocrat with expertise in Quality Assurance & Quality Control, Facility Management, General Administration, Marketing, Security, Training, Administration etc. He is a graduate mechanical engineer with specialization in aeronautical engineering. He is always eager to be involved in imparting training, implementing new ideas and improving existing processes by utilizing his vast experience.