ancient indian history

Porus the Great


        Porus the Great      

As we are aware that the golden age of India was most of the times under the Hindu rulers such as Harsha, Chandragupta Maurya , Pulakeshin II, Samudragupta, Raja Bhoj , Cholas, Vijaynagar kings, Pals in Bengal. The social reforms made by those rulers, the trade and the business policy followed by them made India very prosperous & people called India as a ‘sone ki chidhiya’ .Their greatness is authentically described in chronicles of Fa Hien, Hue en Tsang, Megasthinis, Suleiman etc. In Rajtarangini by Kalhana , we come to know how Kashmir was flourished before invasions. Later day muslim rulers just copied these administrative policies Akbar’s famous land revenue policy is made by Raja Todarmal only. It is surprising that these kings do not get so much attention in our history books. British historians used to talk of Alexander as “the world conqueror” who “came and saw and conquered” every land he had visited. He is still advertised in Indian text-books as the victor in his war with India’s Porus (Puru). However, the facts as recorded by Alexander’s own Greek historians tell a very different tale. And Marshal Zhukov, the famous Russian commander in World War II, said at the Indian Military Academy, Dehra Dun, a few years back, that India had defeated Alexander. We all are aware that we have been reading distorted form of History. A History, which was influenced by Invaders. Fact is Porus, had defeated Sikander in Battle and injured him badly. Due these injuries Sikander and his forces had run for safety. Later on Sikander died due these injuries in his own country. Had Sikander been victorious, at least he could have left some evidences in the form of Monuments, Inscriptions Coins etc. Following facts speak them selves 1) Megasthanes who came to India after the so-called invasion by Alexander has recorded that this country (India) was one which could never invaded by any and which never invaded any. If Alexander’s victory had been true, why did this historian from Greece write like this? 2) It had also been recorded in the famous medieval epic, Shahnameh by the Persian poet Firdausi that Alexander was defeated by Porus and they became friends. 3) “Alexander himself was a myth which was promoted by the British some 150 years ago. All our ancestors had no idea of Alexander or his invasion of India. Alexander myth was necessary for the British to justify the colonial domination” – says Mr. GP. Srinivasan Historians have recorded many atrocities of frustrated Sikander against common hindus. . The Tarikh-i-Firishta records that Sikandar had persecuted the Hindus. He also ordered the breaking of all “golden and silver images”. The Tarikh-i-Firishta further states: “Many of the Brahmins, rather than abandon their religion or their country, poisoned themselves; some emigrated from their native homes, while a few escaped to plains. Alexander had confessed to his friends back home: “They attacked me everywhere. They wounded my shoulder, they hit my leg, they shot an arrow in my chest, and they struck me on my neck with a loud thud.” At one stage word had spread in the Greek camp that Alexander was dead — and he had to be propped up and exhibited as alive! Alexander fared badly enough with Porus in the Punjab. Indeed, Porus put him on the spot when he told him: “To what purpose should we make war upon one another. if the design of your coming to these parts be not to rob us of our water or our necessary food, which are the only things that wise men are indispensably obliged to fight for? As for other riches and possessions, as they are accounted in the eyes of the world, if I am better provided of them than you, I am ready to let you share with me; but if fortune has been more liberal to you than to me, I have no objection to be obliged to you.” Alexander had no reply to the questions posed by Porus. Instead, with the obstinacy of a bully, he said: “I shall contend and do battle with you so far that, howsoever obliging you are, you shall not have the better of me.” But Porus did have the better of Alexander. In the fighting that ensued, the Greeks were so terrified of Indian prowess that they refused to proceed farther, in spite of Alexander’s angry urgings and piteous lamentations. Writes Plutarch, the great Greek historian: “This last combat with Porus took off the edge of the Macedonians’ courage and stayed their further progress in India…. Alexander not only offered Porus to govern his own kingdom as satrap under himself but gave him also the additional territory of various independent tribes whom he had subdued.” Porus emerged from his war with Alexander with his territory doubled and his gold stock augmented. So much for Alexander’s “victory” over Porus. However, what was to befall him in Sindh, was even worse. In his wars in Iran. Afghanistan, and north-west India,. Alexander had made so many enemies that he did not dare return home by the same route he had come. He had, therefore, decided to travel via Sindh. But in Multan the Mallas gave him hell. Notes H.T. Lambrick, a former commissioner of Sindh, and author of the Sindh before Muslim Conquest: “There was a subtle power in Sindh which created the will to resist the foreigner, the influence of the Brahmins.” Dushhala’s settling of 30,000 Brahmins in Sindh had not gone in vain! The history that we are reading is completely distorted. Government of India must admit this fact that true history may solve many religious conflicts in india. Following Ancient Indian Historical Era needs thorough research so as to revive pride of Great Hindu Kings & Mughal Invasions App. 3000 B.C.: Kashmir clan is named in Mahabharata. 2629-2564 B.C.: Rule by King Sandiman. 2082-2041 B.C.: Rule by King Sunder Sen rules Kashmir. 1048-1008 B.C.: King Nara rules Kashmir. 250 B.C.: Shrinagari (today’s Srinagar is located about three miles from Shrinagari) near the ancient capital Pandhrenatha is founded by Ashoka the Great. 7th century: King Lalitaditya builds the famous Sun temple and formed the city of Pharihaspura. 813-850: Pampore was founded by Padma, during the rule of King Ajatapida 855-883: King Avantivarman builds the town of Avantipur and the famous Sun temple. 883-902: King Shankaravarman builds Shankarapura-pattan (now known as Pattan). 1128-1149: Reign of King Jayasim. mid-12th: Muslim invasion of Kashmir. 1322 Turks, under ferocious Zulkadur Khan, first invade Kashmir. 1394-1416: Central Asian ruler, Sikander invades Kashmir and brings about mass conversion to Islam. After the tyranny of Sikander was over, ONLY 11 KASHMIRI HINDU FAMILIES SURVIVED. 1540: Mirz Haidar, a relative of Humayun (of the Moghul invader dynasty) conquers Kashmir. Kashmir gradually absorbed into Moghul Empire. 1810-1820: Maharajah Ranjit Singh, one of the greatest rulers of India, regains Jammu and appointed his Dogra feudatory Gulab Singh to rule the State. Kalhan’s Rajtarangini describes how prosperous Kashmir was under Hindu kings’ rule.

Original Inhabitants  of Kashmir Region

Rishi Kashyap was the divine grandsire of the Mohan family and bestower of the Kashyap gotra on the clan. He was the fabled founder of the Kashmir region, the exotic land of flowers and snow. A long line of the Rishi’s descendants were devoted worshippers of snakes and enjoyed supremacy in Kashmir. in the hoary past. The tribal Nagas of north east and the north Indian brahmin castes of Nag, Nagar, Nagpal ctc. are said to be their offsprings. There are places in Kashmir with the suffix of Nag with their name like Anant Nag, Koker Nag and Veri Nag which perpetuate the esoteric link.

After the conclusion of the Mahabharata war, Ashvathama went on exile and one of his associates in the retinue was named Mohan. Some Mohyal commentators consider him to be the initiator qf the Mohan sect. It is interesting to note that in a recently published book entitled ‘Mohenjo Daro-A 5,000 year old Legacy’. (published by UNESCO). written jointly by Khurshid Hussan Sheikh and Syed M. Ashfaque; there is reference to a tribe of fishermen called Mohanas found along the Indus river, near the Mohenjo-Daro excavation site.

These people still celebrate an annual festival at the Indus river just opposite to the excavation area. Their songs. dances boat racing and swimming competition at the festival are reminiscent of the sea-faring original inhabitants of Mohenjo-Daro. It will not be surprising that the Mohyal Mohans may be the heirs to the 5,000 year old Indus Valley Civilisation. A large number of Mohan families were living on the hank of river Indus inthe NWFP before 1947

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