Sarnath Asoka Pillar Inscription

Written by Alok Mohan on August 11, 2023. Posted in Uncategorized

Inscription number 111

Sarnath Asoka Pillar Inscription af Raja Savagnosha.
Probably of the time of Huvishka.
Provenance: Sarnath near Varanasi, UP.
Script: Brahmi of the early Kushana type
Language: Prakrit influenced by Sanskrit.
References: J. Ph. Vogel. Ep.Ind, VIII, Pp-171-72.
1. From the facsimiles in Ep.Ind, VIII, Plate between pp.168 and 169 (No ia) For first 6 syllables) and
Plate facing p-176 (No 1-e-) for the rest of the line.
The inscription of Asvaghosha runs in cantinuation of the last half line of Asoka’s edict. But the script
is later than and the writing inferior to that of the preceding Asoka inscription. On the basis of
paiaeography, Vogel bas assigned the Asvaghosha epigraph to the reign of Huvishka and hence the year fortieth to
the era of Kanishka. Asvagnosha’s coins have been found from Kausambi along with Mitra coins. Locally found coins reveal the names of the following rulers of a local dynasty,or dynasties, of Kausambi flourishing in the
flrst century B-C.
Sudeva, Brihatsvatimitra, Asvaghosha,
Parvata, Agnimitra, Jyeshtamitra, Devamitra, Vasumitra,
Suramtra, Radbamdtra, Prajapatimitra, Rajamitra and Vijayamitra. Coins discovered from the adjoining areas
reveal the names of Praushtasri (from Bhita), of Bhadremagha, Sivamagha, Vaisravana and Bhimavarman
(From Fatehpur district) Some unclasified Kausambi coins, in British Museum bear in addition to the names of Vaisravana and Bhimavarman,
probably those of Mulahasta, Dhanadeva and a few others. These rulers have been placed between first century BC and fourth century A.D. 2.
Vogel has suggested the restoration of damaged initial phrase as
the damaged section admits of hardly six syllables, and the phrase must end with which appears over of
Prakrit and Sanskrit
stands for wealthy & prosperous
1. Since the script resembles closely that of early Kushana epigraphs. and the date 40th year mentioned in his other epigraph on sarnath Asoka pillar (see supra no. 111)
which should be in Kanishka era, vogel has fixed him in the time of Huvishka.
2. The fragment of the stone slab bearing this inscription
was discovered by Oertal about 70 ft to the north-east, by east of the Sarnath Vihara.

Text of the inscription

र्परिगेय्हे रझ अव घोषस्य चतरिशे सवछरे हेमत परवे प्रथम दिवसे दसमे

संस्कृत छाया
परियेहये राज्ञः अश्वघोषस्य चत्वारिंश संवत्सरे हेमन्त – पक्षे प्रथमे दिवसे दशमे
हिन्दी अनुवाद
राजा अश्वधोष के सम्पन्न ( राज्य काल ) में, चालीसवें वर्ष की हेमन्त ऋतु
के प्रथम पक्ष के दसवें दिन
English Translation of the inscription

In the prosperous (reign) of king Asvaghosha, in the
fortieth year in the first fortnight of winter, on the tenth day—–

Alok Mohan

The admin, Alok Mohan, is a graduate mechanical engineer & possess following post graduate specializations:- M Tech Mechanical Engineering Production Engineering Marine engineering Aeronautical Engineering Computer Sciences Software Engineering Specialization He has authored several articles/papers, which are published in various websites & books. Studium Press India Ltd has published one of his latest contributions “Standardization of Education” as a senior author in a book along with many other famous writers of international repute. Alok Mohan has held important positions in both Govt & Private organisations as a Senior professional & as an Engineer & possess close to four decades accomplished experience. As an aeronautical engineer, he ensured accident incident free flying. As leader of indian team during early 1990s, he had successfully ensured smooth induction of Chukar III PTA with Indian navy as well as conduct of operational training. As an aeronautical engineer, he was instrumental in establishing major aircraft maintenance & repair facilities. He is a QMS, EMS & HSE consultant. He provides consultancy to business organisations for implimentation of the requirements of ISO 45001 OH & S, ISO 14001 EMS & ISO 9001 QMS, AS 9100, AS9120 Aero Space Standards. He is a qualified ISO 9001 QMS, ISO 14001 EMS, ISO 45001 OH & S Lead Auditor (CQI/IRCA recognised certification courses) & HSE Consultant. He is a qualified Zed Master Trainer & Zed Assessor. He has thorough knowledge of six sigma quality concepts & has also been awarded industry 4, certificate from the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation Knowledge Hub Training Platform  He is a Trainer, a Counselor, an Advisor and a Competent professional of cross functional exposures. He has successfully implimented requirements of various international management system standards in several organizations. He is a dedicated technocrat with expertise in Quality Assurance & Quality Control, Facility Management, General Administration, Marketing, Security, Training, Administration etc. He is a graduate mechanical engineer with specialization in aeronautical engineering. He is always eager to be involved in imparting training, implementing new ideas and improving existing processes by utilizing his vast experience.