The Sakas

Written by Alok Mohan on May 23, 2023. Posted in Uncategorized

The Sakas

Sakas belonged to scythian ethnicity. The movement of Sakas into north-western India came to heels of their displacement from the plains of Syr Darya (Jaxartes) by the Great Yueh Chi tribe (Chinese Tribe) in the 2nd century BCE. There were five branches of Sakas.
Afghanistan was the location of the first branch. The capital of the second branch, Taxila, was established in Punjab. The third branch made Mathura it’s home..The fourth in Maharashtra and Saurashtra and the fifth in central India, with Ujjain as its capital.
The first Saka king of India was Maues (1st century BCE) who established Saka power in Gandhara, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and the Indus Valley. Maues was called Moga on the Taxila copper plate inscription and Mevaki Miyika in the Mathura lion capital inscription, was the first Indo-Scythian king, ruling from 98/85 to 60/57 BCE.[5] He invaded India and established Saka hegemony by conquering Indo-Greek territories.
The first mention of Sakas, occured in the Mahabharata, wherein some of the saka tribes were mentioned as Magas, Masakas, Manasas and Mandagas.
The Bhavisya Purana almost repeated, the names confirming the divisions as Magas, Magagas, Ganagas and the Mandagas. Of these the first two divisions and the last correspond to those enumerated in the Mahabharata and can be accepted as identical with them. The Purana not only gives their settlements (junapadas) a castely order but even. equates their divisions with natives as Brahmins, Ksatriyas, Vaisyas and Sudras.

The Indo-Scythians extended their supremacy over north-western India, conquering the Indo-Greeks and other local kingdoms.
One of the greatest rulers of the Western Kshatrapas, the descendant of the Indo-Scythians or the Sakas was Nahapana.
The Saka Empire started declining after their defeat at the hands of the Satavahana Emperor Gautamiputra Satakarni. He was the 23rd ruler of the Satavahana dynasty. His achievements have been mentioned in the Nasik Inscription, by his mother Gautami. He defeated the Saka King Nahapana and revived the Satavahana power.
Gautamiputra Shatakarni (reigned 106 ce–130 ce), the greatest ruler of the family. His conquests ranged over a vast territorial expanse stretching from Rajasthan in the northwest to Andhra in the southeast and from Gujarat in the west to Kalinga in the east.
After this, the Saka kingdom revived, but was ultimately destroyed by Chandragupta II of the Gupta Empire in the 4th century CE.
Vikramaditya later arrived from Pratishthana, defeated the Shakas, and began the Vikrama Samvat era to commemorate his victory.

Alok Mohan

The admin, Alok Mohan, is a graduate mechanical engineer & possess following post graduate specializations:- M Tech Mechanical Engineering Production Engineering Marine engineering Aeronautical Engineering Computer Sciences Software Engineering Specialization He has authored several articles/papers, which are published in various websites & books. Studium Press India Ltd has published one of his latest contributions “Standardization of Education” as a senior author in a book along with many other famous writers of international repute. Alok Mohan has held important positions in both Govt & Private organisations as a Senior professional & as an Engineer & possess close to four decades accomplished experience. As an aeronautical engineer, he ensured accident incident free flying. As leader of indian team during early 1990s, he had successfully ensured smooth induction of Chukar III PTA with Indian navy as well as conduct of operational training. As an aeronautical engineer, he was instrumental in establishing major aircraft maintenance & repair facilities. He is a QMS, EMS & HSE consultant. He provides consultancy to business organisations for implimentation of the requirements of ISO 45001 OH & S, ISO 14001 EMS & ISO 9001 QMS, AS 9100, AS9120 Aero Space Standards. He is a qualified ISO 9001 QMS, ISO 14001 EMS, ISO 45001 OH & S Lead Auditor (CQI/IRCA recognised certification courses) & HSE Consultant. He is a qualified Zed Master Trainer & Zed Assessor. He has thorough knowledge of six sigma quality concepts & has also been awarded industry 4, certificate from the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation Knowledge Hub Training Platform  He is a Trainer, a Counselor, an Advisor and a Competent professional of cross functional exposures. He has successfully implimented requirements of various international management system standards in several organizations. He is a dedicated technocrat with expertise in Quality Assurance & Quality Control, Facility Management, General Administration, Marketing, Security, Training, Administration etc. He is a graduate mechanical engineer with specialization in aeronautical engineering. He is always eager to be involved in imparting training, implementing new ideas and improving existing processes by utilizing his vast experience.