Eucratides 1 & Eucratides 2

Written by Alok Mohan on May 6, 2022. Posted in Uncategorized

Eucratides 1, was an important Greco-Bactrian kings. He had overthrown the Euthydemid dynasty of Bactria and restored the Diodotid dynasty of Diodotus I, and had allied to the Parthian Empire.
Eucratides fought against the easternmost Hellenistic and Indian  rulers in India, holding territory in the indus and as far as Barigaza until he was finally defeated by Menany  and pushed back to Bactria. Eucratides minted a vast and prestigious coinage, suggesting a rule of considerable importance and prosperity.
Eucratides came to power by overthrowing the Euthydemid dynasty in Bactria, possibly when the king, Demetrius was conquering northwest India.
His son, Heliocles I was father of Heliocles II, who was the last Greek king to rule in Bactria, as Yuezhi and Saka nomads overran the country c.100 BCE.
Eukratides, who rose in revolt and drove the Demetrian family out of Bacteria, was succeeded by his parricide
son, Heliokles. This is indicated by provenance of coins and
by the unilingual legends on an early type of Heliokles. It is admitted that the coins issued in Bactria bore only
Greek legends. Barring Plato and Eukratides II, who
were subordinate rulers, he was the last Greek king to rule north of the Hindu Koh, and is believed to have been driven south by the Sakas, who imitated his coin types. Wherever the Saka nomads went they copied
the coin-types of the supplanted rulers. Thus he was Eukratides successor in Bactria. Commemorative medallions of Eukratides 2, indicate that his father’s name was Heliokles, Among the Greeks the grandfather and the
eldest grandson generally bore the same name. Hence our belief that Heliokles, the successor of Eukratides in Bactria, was the eldest grandson of Heliokles and Laodike of Eukratides commemorative medallions, i.e. he was Eukratides’ eldest son, probably the one who is stated to have assassinated him, driven his chariot over his dead
body and ordered the corpse to be cast away unburied.
Eukratides 2  was a successor and probably a son of  Heliokles and grand son of Eukratides 2. He ruled for a very short time after the murder of Eukratide 1.
As senior Eukratide returned from India, he was killed on the way back Presumably by his son Herakles, whom he had associated to his rule.
PLATO AND EUKRATIDES 2
Plato and Eukratides 2, whose Bactrian, i.e. unilingual, coins have come down to us, appear to have been Heliokles contemporaries. The small areas with which their coin-types connect them, as also the scarcity of their
types, indicate that they were only subordinate rulers. Their suzerain at this period could only be Heliokles.
First suggested by Bayer, the existence of a  Eukratides, a younger brother or son of Heliokles, is now generally admitted by scholars”.Other things apart, the resemblance of the youthful features and his type on a
tetradrachm with those of Heliokles, is so striking that it is impossible not to agree with the conclusions of Prof
Macdonald. And the title Soter of the youthful Eukratides on a number of newly discovered coins leaves Iittle
room for doubt about his existence. If Eukratides I had adopted this title in his youth, he would certainly have
used it in his later coins, especially on those where Dioscuroi the saviour Gods figure.  Moreover the engineering of conspiracy that led to the acces of Eukratides 1 could hardly have been conceived and successfully executed
by a man so young as portrayed on this set of coins.
Eukratides 2 may have preceded Plato as the sub-king of Bactria. He is in no way connected wIth India. His
youthful portraits indicate that he died young, most probably, during the life time of heliokles.

EUKRATIDES 1  King of Bactria

180 to 170 B.C

1. Dr M.V.D Mohan

Indo Greek Coins page 192 P V, 1

Observation: within bead-and reel border, draped bust  jugate r of

Haliocles, with bare head

Wearing diadem.

Reverse: within bead-and reel border,

draped bust of Eukratides, died 145 BCE  (at the age of 59), both ends stiffly  suspended, wearing helmet decorated with horn and ears of bull.

2A Attic tetra drachm BM

Dr M V D Mohan Page 193 Pl V 2

Observation:  within bead-and reel border,

draped bust of Eukratides died both ends stiffly  suspended

Reverse: The Dioscuroi wearing pilei carrying palms, riding horses, holding spears, under horses forelegs

3A Attic tetradrachm

Dr M.V.D Mohan Indo Greek Coins Page 193 Pl V, 3

Observation: As the reverse of no 1 above

Reverse As the reverse of no 2 above 

4A  Same as no 3 above, bot mon 15 under the horses forelegs

5 A Kapisi devata type square B.M, P.M

Dr M V D Mohan Indo Greek Coins page 193 Pl V, 5

Bust of king r wearing helmet. Legend 1

Reverse: city divinity of Kapisi, viz. Zeus-Indra, wearing turreted crown Seated to front on throne, An

unidentified object in outstretched right hand to one forepart of an elephant, to right a mountain or chaitya,

Khroshthi Legend, top and one Kavisiya nagara devata.

6 A Kapisi-devata type Square overstruck on a coin of apollodotus B.M

Dr M.V. D. Mohan Indo Greek Coins, page 194, PL.V. 6.

Observation: Draped, halmeted and diadomed bust of Eukratides

 Traces understrike visible

Reverse: Same as no 5 above

7. A Kapisi Devata type Square P M

References: 

Indo Greek Coins Dr M V D Mohan

Page 194 Pl V 7

Observation: Same as no 6 above

Reverse: Same as no 5 above

Alok Mohan

The admin, Alok Mohan, is a graduate mechanical engineer & possess following post graduate specializations:- M Tech Mechanical Engineering Production Engineering Marine engineering Aeronautical Engineering Computer Sciences Software Engineering Specialization He has authored several articles/papers, which are published in various websites & books. Studium Press India Ltd has published one of his latest contributions “Standardization of Education” as a senior author in a book along with many other famous writers of international repute. Alok Mohan has held important positions in both Govt & Private organisations as a Senior professional & as an Engineer & possess close to four decades accomplished experience. As an aeronautical engineer, he ensured accident incident free flying. As leader of indian team during early 1990s, he had successfully ensured smooth induction of Chukar III PTA with Indian navy as well as conduct of operational training. As an aeronautical engineer, he was instrumental in establishing major aircraft maintenance & repair facilities. He is a QMS, EMS & HSE consultant. He provides consultancy to business organisations for implimentation of the requirements of ISO 45001 OH & S, ISO 14001 EMS & ISO 9001 QMS, AS 9100, AS9120 Aero Space Standards. He is a qualified ISO 9001 QMS, ISO 14001 EMS, ISO 45001 OH & S Lead Auditor (CQI/IRCA recognised certification courses) & HSE Consultant. He is a qualified Zed Master Trainer & Zed Assessor. He has thorough knowledge of six sigma quality concepts & has also been awarded industry 4, certificate from the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation Knowledge Hub Training Platform  He is a Trainer, a Counselor, an Advisor and a Competent professional of cross functional exposures. He has successfully implimented requirements of various international management system standards in several organizations. He is a dedicated technocrat with expertise in Quality Assurance & Quality Control, Facility Management, General Administration, Marketing, Security, Training, Administration etc. He is a graduate mechanical engineer with specialization in aeronautical engineering. He is always eager to be involved in imparting training, implementing new ideas and improving existing processes by utilizing his vast experience.