Inscription of Pravarasena-2

Written by Alok Mohan on September 20, 2022. Posted in Uncategorized

Pravarasena-2 succeeded his brother Damodarsena as a a ruler of the Nandivardhana-Pravarapura branch of the Vakatakas dynasity.
Pravarasena did not have to face invasions from enemies and had a reign with mostly peaceful and prosperous times. Pravarasena’s reign appears to have been quite peaceful on the whole, as neither his own records nor those of his successors refer to any military exploits of the king.
Most of the Vakatakas Inscriptions belong to Pravarasena’s reign. Pravarasena’s early charters were issued from the old Vakataka capital of Nandivardhana, but the later charters were issued from a city called Pravarapura which was apparently founded by and named after him.
Inscription number 3.
Two Incomplete Grants of Pravarasena 2. from Wardha District –
Regnal year 11 (of second grant)
Provenance: Belora, Arvi tehsil, Wardha district, Maharashtra.
Script: Box-headed variety of Brahmi.
Language: Sanskrit.
References: V.V. Mirashi., Ep.Ind, XXIV,

The two sets A and B were found in the possession of N H, Jane of Belora. Originally each of the two sets had
three plates of which only two each have survived.
The last plate of set A and the first of set B are missing. All the four plates are palimpsest, showing
clear traces of earlier letters, which were beaten in before incising the present charters. Set B
records the grant of two villages, one of which had already been given by the same king to the same donee
by set A, giving the impression that the set B is a forgey made with the purpose of adding another village to the original grant. But there was no need
of replacing the third plate of the first set. Also the similar formation of letters and the occurrence of the same orthographical peculiarities and grammatical mistakes in both the records make it highly probable
that both the grants were written by the same clerk in the Secretariat of the Vakatakas. Senapati Chitravarman mentioned in set B, continued to hold
office till at least the 18th year of Pravarasena 2,
(C.I.I.. III, pp.240 These facts indicate its genuineness.
It appear s, that on a request from the
donee to issue him a consolidated charter for the grants, the set B was issued.
From the facsimiles in Ep.Ind.. XXIV, facing pp-264, or set A and facing pp.266 for set B,
2. Nandivarddhana is most probably identical with the Nagardhan (also called Nandardahan near Ramtek, as
suggested by Hiralal (Ep.Ind. IX, pp.43)
3. This mark of punctuation and several others in the text of both the sets are superfluous.
1. The mark of punctuation is Superfluous.
2. Sailapura has been identified with Salbardi situated in the midst of hills about 24 km east of Ladki.
It is an ancient place, where some old caves and hot springs are located.
Asi, the chief town of the bhukti
may be identified with Ashti, about 16 km south-east of Belora. Mahallalata or the larger Lalata may be represented by Ladki or Ghat Ladki in the Morsi Taluk
of Amraoti district about 29 km. N, W. of Belora.
The smaller Lalata of the times may be the same as the modern Ladegaon on the left bank of wardha, about
32 km south of Belora..


1. The mark of Punctuation is superfluous.
2. Perhaps this town received its name from a shrine of siva called Pravaresvara installed by Pravarasena 1, and named after himself.
3 The stop is indicated by two concentrtc circles with
horizontal arms on either side.

English Translation of the inscription

(The text of the seal and of L1.1-12 is identical with the corresponding text in the Chammak plates of Pravarasena 2.
For translation of this section,
see Chamak plates above).

L1.12-14. At the command of Parana-Mahesvara Maharaja Sri
Pravarasena (2), the village, Mahallalata, in the Asi
bukti on the road to sailapura, has been granted to (the Brahmana) Suryasvamin of Kasyapa gotra and
Taittiya sakha, and a resident of Pravaresvara shadvinisata vataka.
L1,14-16: Wherefore all our officers appointed on supervisory
assignments, (and) the high-born officers incharge of
conveying orders and regular soldiers and their leaders be commanded with the already announced orders
Ll.16-18: Be it known to you that for the increase of our piety, life, strength, victories, and royal fortune in
this world, (and) for (our) welfare in this and the next world, and for favouring ourselves, (this village) has
been granted with libation of water, as a fresh gift and as a religious endowment conducive to victory.”

छात्रा: is variously interpreted as irregular soldiers or officers in charge of soldiers, or as the umbrella-
holders (From chhatra umbrella).
Third Plate second side
English Translation
(L1.1-6 are missing. Text of 11.7-12 and 11.19-29 is identical with the corresponding text of the Chamak plates below. And the text of 11.13-18 is common dth that of set A above)
L1.29-30 In the year eleventh, on the thirteenth, tithi of the bright fortnight of (the month of) Karttika. Written in the time of chitravarman’s generalship.


Alok Mohan

The admin, Alok Mohan, is a graduate mechanical engineer & possess following post graduate specializations:- M Tech Mechanical Engineering Production Engineering Marine engineering Aeronautical Engineering Computer Sciences Software Engineering Specialization He has authored several articles/papers, which are published in various websites & books. Studium Press India Ltd has published one of his latest contributions “Standardization of Education” as a senior author in a book along with many other famous writers of international repute. Alok Mohan has held important positions in both Govt & Private organisations as a Senior professional & as an Engineer & possess close to four decades accomplished experience. As an aeronautical engineer, he ensured accident incident free flying. As leader of indian team during early 1990s, he had successfully ensured smooth induction of Chukar III PTA with Indian navy as well as conduct of operational training. As an aeronautical engineer, he was instrumental in establishing major aircraft maintenance & repair facilities. He is a QMS, EMS & HSE consultant. He provides consultancy to business organisations for implimentation of the requirements of ISO 45001 OH & S, ISO 14001 EMS & ISO 9001 QMS, AS 9100, AS9120 Aero Space Standards. He is a qualified ISO 9001 QMS, ISO 14001 EMS, ISO 45001 OH & S Lead Auditor (CQI/IRCA recognised certification courses) & HSE Consultant. He is a qualified Zed Master Trainer & Zed Assessor. He has thorough knowledge of six sigma quality concepts & has also been awarded industry 4, certificate from the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation Knowledge Hub Training Platform  He is a Trainer, a Counselor, an Advisor and a Competent professional of cross functional exposures. He has successfully implimented requirements of various international management system standards in several organizations. He is a dedicated technocrat with expertise in Quality Assurance & Quality Control, Facility Management, General Administration, Marketing, Security, Training, Administration etc. He is a graduate mechanical engineer with specialization in aeronautical engineering. He is always eager to be involved in imparting training, implementing new ideas and improving existing processes by utilizing his vast experience.