Patiakilla Copper-plate Inscription

Written by Alok Mohan on December 6, 2022. Posted in Uncategorized

Inscription number 6.
Patiakilla Copper-plate Inscription of sambuyasas and Sivaraja – Gupta Year-283. ( = 603 AD )
Provenance: Patiakilla, Cuttack. District, Orissa.
Script: Brahmi of the northern class of 6th 7th century, A.D.
Language: Sanskrit.
References: R. D. Bannerjee, Ep.Ind, IX, pp.285-288.
Unlike various other empires of ancient India, Odisha had remained stable for a long period till medieval era and the reason of its political & military stability was due the wide spread martial culture as well as prosperity brought by successive native ruling dynasties.
Following important dynasities had ruled Kalinga.
1. Kalinga dynasity. 2. Suryavamsha dynasty (350 – 261BCE) 3. Chedi dynasty 4. Sada dynasty. 5. Murunda dynasty 150 to 250 CE. 6. Satyavahana dynasty 7.Naga dynasty (225 to 360 CE) 8. Gupta dynasty (335 to 550E) 9. Nala Dynasty (400 to 740 CE) 10. Rajarsitulyakula (dynasty 4th–6th century CE) 11. Sharabhapuriya dynasty (475–590) 12. Mathara dynasty (4th–5th century CE) 13. Vishnukundina Empire (420–555) 14. Vigraha dynasty (575–630) 15. Mudgalas dynasty (580–620)
Important rulers were  Sambhuyasa and Sivaraja. 16. Durjaya dynasty (620–680)
17. Gauda Dynasty 18. Shailodbhava dynasty 19. Harsha dynasty 20. Bhaumakara dynasty 21. Bhanjas of of Khinjali mandala 22. Sulkis of Kodalaka Mandala 23. Tungas of Yamagartta Mandala 24. Nandodbhavas of Airavatta Mandala 25. Gangas of Svetaka Mandala 26. Somvanshi (Keshari) dynasty 27. Chindaka Naga dynasty 28. Gudari Kataka Eastern Ganga rulers 29. Mayuras of Banei Mandala & So on

Footnote 1.
1.  Though outside the scope of the present work, the inscription has been included in the volume, because
of it’s close proximity in time to the 6th century records.
Footnote 2.
1. From the Facsimile in Ep.Ind, IX, Plate facing pp-286. The plate is in poor
state of preservation. The medial vowels (matras) are often partly or wholly worn off.
2. Expressed by spiral symbol.
3. Banerjee:  वल ( पित -च ) ल 
According to  R D. Banerji, (Ep.Ind..IX, 
pp.286) Sivaraja was the feudatory chief, while sagguyayana (as he reads the name sambhuvasas) was
the sovereign whom he credits all eulogy showered by Maharaja Sivaraja. The text, though confusing, is
clear on the points) 
1. The sovereign belonged to the Mana dynasty.
2. sambhuvasas Maharaja, according to his Soro  Plates (Supra IV, 5) was administering Dakshina Tosali under the Manas.
3. Sivaraja the donor also, a Maharaja, claims to be serving close to
the sovereign. Evidently, he was making a donation, in an area under the administration of another vassal
of the common sovereign.
These points are missed by Banerji:-
The date in this and in the soro plates of sambhuvasas, seem to be in the Gupta era. The Gupta influence is visible in the title Paramabhattaraka of his sovereign.
Footnote 3.
1.  R.D. Banerji: श्री शग्णुयय्यने
2. The location of Tosali, is indicated by Asoka’s Dhauli edicts. Banerji reads बोर्तानोक
3. Banerji. क्षोणि   Sten Konow, Ep.Ind., IX, pp.287, n.7, corrected to श्रेणी.
4. Banerji: निचय:
5. Banerji construes the phrases  अस्मिन्नेव  – विषये and अत्र विषये (1.8 below) as referring to तोसली – विषये
6. Banerji -भविष्यत्सामन्त Better read भविष्यन्ति
making it an adjective of अधिकरणानि.
Second side.
Footnote 4.
1. Banerji: श्रावयति But what he reads श्रा is exactly like पू in  in पूव्र्वके 1.9 below. And the next lettar is clearly a partly worn out 
2. Banerji:  तंड्रल्वालु – ग्राम   Sten Konow, op.cit, n-8: तुंण्डिल्वालुज -ग्राम
3. Banerji वोत्र्तानोक विवास-गे हत्तो स्मा भि:
Sten Konow, op.cit, n. वोत्र्तानोके चावास —
4. Read कालीयो क्षय 
5. Banerji: अनुरूद्ध
English Translation of the inscription.
Om! hail! (In the year two hundred) and eighty three, during the regime of the Mana dynasty over the, earth 
that is full of cities and that has the sea-coast as its bracelet, the restless waves as its trinkets, radiant mangura fish as it’s —–
when the devout worshipper of
Mahesvara, Sri Sambhuyasas , of as spotless as a character as
the moon in he windless sky; who belonged to the spotless family, of the Maudgalas, as governing the southern Tosali, from Varttanoka Maharaja Sivaraja, from whom the pile of sins
attendant on the age of evil (kali) has been beaten back by his acquiring the necklace of the rows of pure lotus-like feet of the illustrious overlord (Parama-Bhattaraka,) the supreme God
of gods, being in good health, (sivaraja) duely worships and honours the present and future Officers, such as the Feudatory chiefs, Rajasthaniyas, Uparikas, Kumaramatyas and their
Ayuktakas, the senior Mahattaras, the Jagirdars, (and other ) employees of the king in this di strict (and enjoins):-
Be it known to you that the village Tandrilvaluja, belonging to this vishaya and a dwelling in Varttanoka, has been granted by us by pouring libation of water, under the lay of permanent endowment, so as to last as long as the moon and the sun do for the Increase of merit of my mother, father and myself to (the Brahmanas) of various gotras and and charanas. These are:- Aniruddasvamin, Gomidevasvamin, sura-svamin, Voppasvamin, Pitrisvamin, Harungasvamin, chandrasvamin,
Bhadrasvamin, chhedisvamin, Pushyasvamin, vibhakarasvamin,
Rohinisvamin, Buddhasvamin, Mahasenasvamin, Vishnusvamin
Yadusvamin, Matradasvamin, Nagasvamin, Bhogasvamin, Ratnasvamin, Prabhakarasvamin, Bhasurasvamin, Dipisvamin, Jambusvamin, Gomisvamin, Balasvamin, Jyeshthasvamin, sudarsanadeva
Dhanadeva, Kumarasvamin, Jyeshthasvamin, Revatisvamin,
Prayasvamin, Pushyasvamin, chhedisvamin, vaptrisvamin,
Sravasvamin, Gopalasvamin, and Gomisvamin —- To these has been
granted by a copper-plate charter. Considering that the
charities of the earlier kings should be maintained, (these my gifts should be protected) by you. It is heard in the law
books also-
(Here follow two of the benedictory/imprecatory verses)
samvat 200 + (83.)

Alok Mohan

The admin, Alok Mohan, is a graduate mechanical engineer & possess following post graduate specializations:- M Tech Mechanical Engineering Production Engineering Marine engineering Aeronautical Engineering Computer Sciences Software Engineering Specialization He has authored several articles/papers, which are published in various websites & books. Studium Press India Ltd has published one of his latest contributions “Standardization of Education” as a senior author in a book along with many other famous writers of international repute. Alok Mohan has held important positions in both Govt & Private organisations as a Senior professional & as an Engineer & possess close to four decades accomplished experience. As an aeronautical engineer, he ensured accident incident free flying. As leader of indian team during early 1990s, he had successfully ensured smooth induction of Chukar III PTA with Indian navy as well as conduct of operational training. As an aeronautical engineer, he was instrumental in establishing major aircraft maintenance & repair facilities. He is a QMS, EMS & HSE consultant. He provides consultancy to business organisations for implimentation of the requirements of ISO 45001 OH & S, ISO 14001 EMS & ISO 9001 QMS, AS 9100, AS9120 Aero Space Standards. He is a qualified ISO 9001 QMS, ISO 14001 EMS, ISO 45001 OH & S Lead Auditor (CQI/IRCA recognised certification courses) & HSE Consultant. He is a qualified Zed Master Trainer & Zed Assessor. He has thorough knowledge of six sigma quality concepts & has also been awarded industry 4, certificate from the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation Knowledge Hub Training Platform  He is a Trainer, a Counselor, an Advisor and a Competent professional of cross functional exposures. He has successfully implimented requirements of various international management system standards in several organizations. He is a dedicated technocrat with expertise in Quality Assurance & Quality Control, Facility Management, General Administration, Marketing, Security, Training, Administration etc. He is a graduate mechanical engineer with specialization in aeronautical engineering. He is always eager to be involved in imparting training, implementing new ideas and improving existing processes by utilizing his vast experience.