THE MATHARAS OF KALINGA Leave a Comment / By posts / December 16, 2022 THE MATHARAS OF KALINGA (350-450 AD.)Sri Maharaja Vishakhavarman, had established a small kalinga kingdom, during middle of fourth century and ruled from Sripura, which is now known as Batia-sripura in Ganjam district. However hhe couldn’t obtain complete sovereignty over Kalinga kingdom. His small kingdom was divided into many Panchalis. One among these Panchalis, was koroshonda. He founded this kingdom during last phase of his life.The grant being discussed in this Inscription, was issued from Sripura, in the seventh Regnal year of the king.By this grant, he donated a village to a few Brahmanas.Inscription number 16.Koroshanda Plates of Visakhavarman (Regnal) year 7.Provenance: Koroshanda village, 9 km. south of Parlakimidi,Ganjam district, Andhra Pradesh.Script: Brahmi resembling the script of Birihatproshtha grant of Umavarman (Ep.Ind. I, pp.4 ff.) and of Peddavegi plates of salankayana king Nandivarman 2.Language: Sanskrit.Footnote 11. From the Chicacole grant of Indravarman (Ind.Ant., XIII,pp.122 ff) We learn that Korasodaka Panchali formed a part of the Kalinga country, Hence Our conclusion that Visakhavarman was a Kalingadhipati (i.e, the Lord of Kalinga) like Umavarman of Brihatproshtha grant. Achanda Varman of Komarti plates (Ibid., IV, pp.142 ff, Supra, IV, 1a ) and saktivarman of Ragolu plates (Ibid. XXI, pp.1 ff, Supra, IV, 12)He appears to have been the last king of Mathara-dynasty, founded by sankaravaman in Pishtapura (modern Pithapuram) some time after the defeat of Mahendra by samadragupta.In the second quarter of the fourth century A. D. His son was Saktivarman and grand son Prabhanjanavarman, who shifted his capital from Pishtapura to simhapura. The latter’s son was Anantasaktivarman. The next known Successor was Umavarman, who was succeeded by Achandavarman.Saktivarman descrbes himself as an ornament of the Mathara Family and as the son of Vasishthi i.e.a princess ofVasishtha family who ruled in Devarashtra to the south ofPishtapura. The records of these kings have unmistakable likeness in respect of phraseology in the eulogistic as wellas the formal portions. Which indicates that thay belonged to the same family and flourished in the same period.References: Satyanarayana Rajaguru J.B.O.R.S, XIV, pp.282ff, G.Ramdass, Ep.Ind, XXI, pp.23 to 25.Footnote.1 From the facsimile in Ep-Ind XXI, facing pp.23.2. Ajna is used here in the sense of Ajnaptih, Executor, while Bhogika is the official designation.3. is engraved separately at the end of the line and has to be read wi th the previous line, These words seem to have been left out inadvertently and were inserted later in the blank space left at the right end of 1.9.4. Sripuram has been identified with the modern town of siripuram (18° 53″, N.Lat. 83° 50″ E, Long.), in visakhapatanam district, and 5 km. south, of the river Nagavali. Presumably Visakhavarman built a templewhich mist have customarily designated as theVisakhesvara or visakhasvami temple after which thecity of Visakhapatanam came to be named.English Translation of the inscription.Peace From the victorious city of Sripura, the Illustrious Maharaja Visakhavarman, who is devoted to thefeet of his majestic father, and is a devout worshipper of gods, issues the following order to the householders (residing) in Tampoyaka village, in the Korasodaka Panchali.We have granted this village, making it an agrahara to last as long asthe moon, the stars and the sun do, and exempting it from all the taxes and liabilities, for the further augmentation of religious merit of our revered royal father, who is not yet dislodged from heaven, to (the brahmanas) sabarabhendaka, Vishnusarman,Sreshthisarman, Agnisarman, Nagasarman andsivasarman, all of Atreya gotra.Knowing thus, all presentationsbe made in conformity with the already prevailing proper regulations. The Executor is Bhogika Botudeva. The year 7, the hemanta fortnight 7, the 20th day. And here are two verses sung by Vyasas-(Here follow two of the customary verses)Footnote Korasodaka panchali must have been the territorial unit, around the modern village of Koroshanda, where theplates were found. Tampoyaka has been identified with thethe modern village Tampa, Which like Korasodaka(i.e. Koroshanda) lies in Parlakimedi taluk.