THE MATHARAS OF KALINGA

Written by Alok Mohan on December 16, 2022. Posted in Uncategorized

THE MATHARAS OF KALINGA (350-450 AD.)
Sri Maharaja Vishakhavarman, had established a small kalinga kingdom, during middle of fourth century and ruled from Sripura, which is now known as Batia-sripura in Ganjam district. However hhe couldn’t obtain complete sovereignty over Kalinga kingdom. His small kingdom was divided into many Panchalis. One among these Panchalis, was koroshonda. He founded this kingdom during last phase of his life.
The grant being discussed in this Inscription, was issued from Sripura, in the seventh Regnal year of the king.
By this grant, he donated a village to a few Brahmanas.
Inscription number 16.
Koroshanda Plates of Visakhavarman (Regnal) year 7.
Provenance: Koroshanda village, 9 km. south of Parlakimidi,
Ganjam district, Andhra Pradesh.
Script: Brahmi resembling the script of Birihatproshtha grant of Umavarman (Ep.Ind. I, pp.4 ff.) and of Peddavegi plates of salankayana king Nandivarman 2.
Language: Sanskrit.
Footnote 1
1. From the Chicacole grant of Indravarman (Ind.Ant., XIII,
pp.122 ff) We learn that Korasodaka Panchali formed a part of the Kalinga country, Hence Our conclusion that Visakhavarman was a Kalingadhipati (i.e, the Lord of Kalinga) like Umavarman of Brihatproshtha grant. Achanda Varman of Komarti plates (Ibid., IV, pp.142 ff, Supra, IV, 1a ) and 
saktivarman of Ragolu plates (Ibid. XXI, pp.1 ff, Supra, IV, 12)
He appears to have been the last king of Mathara-dynasty, founded by sankaravaman in Pishtapura (modern Pithapuram) some time after the defeat of Mahendra by samadragupta.
In the second quarter of the fourth century A. D.  His son was Saktivarman and grand son Prabhanjanavarman, who shifted his capital from Pishtapura to simhapura. The latter’s son was Anantasaktivarman. The next known 
Successor was Umavarman, who was succeeded by Achandavarman.
Saktivarman descrbes himself as an ornament of the Mathara Family and as the son of Vasishthi i.e.a princess of
Vasishtha family who ruled in Devarashtra to the south of
Pishtapura. The records of these kings have unmistakable likeness in respect of phraseology in the eulogistic as well
as the formal portions. Which indicates
 that thay belonged to the same family and flourished in the same period.
References: Satyanarayana Rajaguru J.B.O.R.S, XIV, pp.282ff, G.Ramdass, Ep.Ind, XXI, pp.23 to 25.
Footnote.
1 From the facsimile in Ep-Ind XXI, facing pp.23.
2. Ajna is used here in the sense of Ajnaptih, Executor, while Bhogika is the official designation.
3.   is engraved separately at the end of the line and has to be read wi th the previous line, These words seem to have been left out inadvertently and were inserted later in the blank space left at the right end of 1.9.
4. Sripuram has been identified with the modern town of siripuram (18° 53″, N.Lat. 83° 50″ E, Long.), in visakhapatanam district, and 5 km. south, of the river Nagavali. Presumably Visakhavarman built a temple
which mist have customarily designated as the
Visakhesvara or visakhasvami temple after which the
city of Visakhapatanam came to be named.
English Translation of the inscription.
Peace From the victorious city of Sripura, the Illustrious Maharaja Visakhavarman,  who is devoted to the
feet of his majestic father, and is a devout worshipper of gods, issues the following order to the householders (residing) in Tampoyaka village, in the Korasodaka Panchali.
We have granted this village, making it an agrahara to last as long as
the moon, the stars and the sun do, and exempting it from all the taxes and liabilities, for the further augmentation of religious merit of our revered royal father, who is not yet dislodged from heaven, to (the brahmanas) sabarabhendaka, Vishnusarman,
Sreshthisarman, Agnisarman, Nagasarman and
sivasarman, all of Atreya gotra.
Knowing thus, all presentations
be made in conformity with the already prevailing proper regulations. The Executor is Bhogika Botudeva. The year 7, the hemanta fortnight 7, the 20th day. And here are two verses sung by Vyasas-
(Here follow two of the customary verses)
Footnote 
Korasodaka panchali must have been the territorial unit, around the modern village of Koroshanda, where the
plates were found. Tampoyaka has been identified with the
the modern village Tampa, Which like Korasodaka
(i.e. Koroshanda) lies in Parlakimedi taluk.

Alok Mohan

The admin, Alok Mohan, is a graduate mechanical engineer & possess following post graduate specializations:- M Tech Mechanical Engineering Production Engineering Marine engineering Aeronautical Engineering Computer Sciences Software Engineering Specialization He has authored several articles/papers, which are published in various websites & books. Studium Press India Ltd has published one of his latest contributions “Standardization of Education” as a senior author in a book along with many other famous writers of international repute. Alok Mohan has held important positions in both Govt & Private organisations as a Senior professional & as an Engineer & possess close to four decades accomplished experience. As an aeronautical engineer, he ensured accident incident free flying. As leader of indian team during early 1990s, he had successfully ensured smooth induction of Chukar III PTA with Indian navy as well as conduct of operational training. As an aeronautical engineer, he was instrumental in establishing major aircraft maintenance & repair facilities. He is a QMS, EMS & HSE consultant. He provides consultancy to business organisations for implimentation of the requirements of ISO 45001 OH & S, ISO 14001 EMS & ISO 9001 QMS, AS 9100, AS9120 Aero Space Standards. He is a qualified ISO 9001 QMS, ISO 14001 EMS, ISO 45001 OH & S Lead Auditor (CQI/IRCA recognised certification courses) & HSE Consultant. He is a qualified Zed Master Trainer & Zed Assessor. He has thorough knowledge of six sigma quality concepts & has also been awarded industry 4, certificate from the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation Knowledge Hub Training Platform  He is a Trainer, a Counselor, an Advisor and a Competent professional of cross functional exposures. He has successfully implimented requirements of various international management system standards in several organizations. He is a dedicated technocrat with expertise in Quality Assurance & Quality Control, Facility Management, General Administration, Marketing, Security, Training, Administration etc. He is a graduate mechanical engineer with specialization in aeronautical engineering. He is always eager to be involved in imparting training, implementing new ideas and improving existing processes by utilizing his vast experience.