Shahdaur Rock Inscription

Written by Alok Mohan on May 23, 2022. Posted in Uncategorized

Shahdaur Rock Inscription of Sivarakshita. Saka year 80
Provenance: Shahdaur (Shodaur in maps)
Two miles east of Shamdhara, Mansehra tensil, Hazara district,
Script:  Kharoshthi
Language:  Prakrit.

Sanskrit, Hindi & English Translation of the Inscriptions by Dr Mehta Vasishtha Dev Mohan –
(Ancient Indian Inscriptions- Volume 1.
Citation requested
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1. [ महारयस ] अ य स सं
2. शिविरक्षितस श तस
3. अ दस वन ठि तस च इ यं दंम
4. द दशहि कहप ण सहस्र हि
5. अभू यो गोतम-स्तलओ

संस्कृत छाया
महाराजस्य अयस्य सं (वत्सरे ) ८० तमे शिविरक्षितस्य क्षुतत्य आढ़यस्य वन स्थितस्य धर्म – [ दत्ति : ? ] दशभिः कार्यापण सहस्त्रै: अभूत् या गौतम-स्थालक:
English Translation
Of the maharaja Aya anno 80 (7), of Sivarakshita, the famous (and wealthy vanaprastha (i.e who has entered the third stage of life) This was the religious gift – with ten thousand Karshapanas, which is the backbone of Gautama

1. From the facsimile in Ep- Ind., XIX
2. The only letter clearly legible in l.1, is अ in अय़स स is also more or less certain.
For the rest, I heve followed Konow’s
conjectural reading. It is interesting to note that while in this inscription, the era is called as that of Aya, while
the Shahdour Inscription of Nemijada (supra Na. 45) calls it as the Saka era.

3. Vanasthitasya inđicates that the siverakshita has formally entered vanaprastha. It doesn’t mean that the rich man, was living in the forest. The fact of vanaprastha, and his name indicate that the donor was of a brahmanic faith, which venertated the Buddha also as an incarnation.
4. Skt. स्थालक: : stands a certain bone on the back


Sten Konow, Ep Ind XIX page 200-202

Kindly note that the same rock bears another inscription on its top. It is continuation on the south face, has completely worn out.
It is evident from most of the inscriptions found in these regions, is that some greek communities had also lived in the northwest india, especially Afghanistan, consequent to the conquest & colonization undertaken by Alexander around 323 BCE, as Khroshthi was a popular script of Greeks while Brahmi was the script used by natives. This script presumably was used by alien rulers/colonisers to establish political & social connection with natives and was extensively used on religious relics.
According to Buhler Kharosthi script was related to those parts of the Indian subcontinent that were ruled by Persians. The script was initially confined to the Gandhara region. But consequently it reached other parts of Asia. The Kharosthi script is an ancient script , which was used to write Gandhari Prakrit and Sanskrit in ancient Gandhara (Afghanistan and Pakistan). We may call it, a sister script
of brahmi. Earliest evidences has been found from major rock edicts of Ashoka.
It was originally adapted for the local language of common people but was later adapted by foreign conquerors to connect with the local population. This script was used in various parts of the Gandhara Kingdom such as Indus, Swat, and Kabul river valleys.

Alok Mohan

The admin, Alok Mohan, is a graduate mechanical engineer & possess following post graduate specializations:- M Tech Mechanical Engineering Production Engineering Marine engineering Aeronautical Engineering Computer Sciences Software Engineering Specialization He has authored several articles/papers, which are published in various websites & books. Studium Press India Ltd has published one of his latest contributions “Standardization of Education” as a senior author in a book along with many other famous writers of international repute. Alok Mohan has held important positions in both Govt & Private organisations as a Senior professional & as an Engineer & possess close to four decades accomplished experience. As an aeronautical engineer, he ensured accident incident free flying. As leader of indian team during early 1990s, he had successfully ensured smooth induction of Chukar III PTA with Indian navy as well as conduct of operational training. As an aeronautical engineer, he was instrumental in establishing major aircraft maintenance & repair facilities. He is a QMS, EMS & HSE consultant. He provides consultancy to business organisations for implimentation of the requirements of ISO 45001 OH & S, ISO 14001 EMS & ISO 9001 QMS, AS 9100, AS9120 Aero Space Standards. He is a qualified ISO 9001 QMS, ISO 14001 EMS, ISO 45001 OH & S Lead Auditor (CQI/IRCA recognised certification courses) & HSE Consultant. He is a qualified Zed Master Trainer & Zed Assessor. He has thorough knowledge of six sigma quality concepts & has also been awarded industry 4, certificate from the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation Knowledge Hub Training Platform  He is a Trainer, a Counselor, an Advisor and a Competent professional of cross functional exposures. He has successfully implimented requirements of various international management system standards in several organizations. He is a dedicated technocrat with expertise in Quality Assurance & Quality Control, Facility Management, General Administration, Marketing, Security, Training, Administration etc. He is a graduate mechanical engineer with specialization in aeronautical engineering. He is always eager to be involved in imparting training, implementing new ideas and improving existing processes by utilizing his vast experience.