Taxila Silver Scroll Inscription

Written by Alok Mohan on May 26, 2022. Posted in Uncategorized


Taxila Silver Scroll Inscription of a Kushana King Year 136 (AD. 79)
Provenance: small Chapel, West of “chir” stupa, Taxila,
Rawalpindi District Pakistan.
Script: Kharoshthi
Language: Prakrit.
Reference: J. Marshall J.R.A.S, 1914 and 1915; Sten Konow Ep ind XIV, pp-284-95 C.I.I, II,. i. p-77
(No:XXVII) D.C. Sircar, Select Inss, I,. pp- 133-34.

1. From the facsimile in C.I.I, II,i, pp. 76, Plate XIV.
2. For the controversy regarding the interpretation of the word अयस (See note on kalwan plate above)
3. उरसकेण and बहलिएण – One appears to be the personal name of the individual, who established the ashes of the Buddha and the other the name of the country from where he hailed. उरसा and वाहलीक both bring names of, countries, it is difficult to decide, which is the personal name. Opinions have been expressed in favour of either.

1. धर्मराण is an epithat of the Buddha. A stupa containing his relics was called धर्मराजिका

2. I.C destined to be a Buddha in futtre Gautam was a bodhisatva in his previous birth and also before enlightenment.
3. Konow C.I.I, II, i, Page 77 take it for पुत्राणा
and translates it as
“Of the imtavhriya boys”

In ancient times, India was ruled by several valiant kings. These kings got disappeared from the history books. They were kind hearted and were known for their generosity and their sense of justice.
They were keen builders of a civilised nation, with the help of scholars, poets, engineers as well as a warriors. One brave King was Urasaka son of King Intravhriya. This inscription relates to Kushana’s era.
Azes II was the last indo Scythian king, who ruled northern India (Pakistan).
Several artefacts such as coins & inscriptions, attribute to the existence of his kingdom.
English Translation of the inscription

In the year 136 of Azes, on the day 15 of the month of Ashadha, on this day
the relics of tha Venerable one were
enshrined by urasaka, son of Intavhriya hailing from the vahiika cuntry and residing the city of Noachaya. By him, the relics of venerable one were enshrined in the
Dharmarazika (stupa) in Takshila in his own Bodhisattva Chapal for the bestowel of health on the great king, the king of kings, the son of gods (of heaven) the Kushana.
In honour of all the buddhas, In honour of the individual Buddhas, it honour of the Arhats, in honour of all beings, In
honour of his parents, In honour of his friends, ministers, kinsmen and blood relations, for the bestowal of health upon himself, to Nirvana, may this proper gift lead hereafter.
1. Konow identifies him with kujula, Kadphises, who according to him was the first to assume these titles and hence it was quiet natural to refer to him by his so far unique titles, without mentioning his personal name. (Ep ind page 239)
2. It is assumed that like vikrama or malava era, the reckoning of Azes, too commenced in 57 BC. See Konow’s views also (Op.cit page 289 and 294)

Alok Mohan

The admin, Alok Mohan, is a graduate mechanical engineer & possess following post graduate specializations:- M Tech Mechanical Engineering Production Engineering Marine engineering Aeronautical Engineering Computer Sciences Software Engineering Specialization He has authored several articles/papers, which are published in various websites & books. Studium Press India Ltd has published one of his latest contributions “Standardization of Education” as a senior author in a book along with many other famous writers of international repute. Alok Mohan has held important positions in both Govt & Private organisations as a Senior professional & as an Engineer & possess close to four decades accomplished experience. As an aeronautical engineer, he ensured accident incident free flying. As leader of indian team during early 1990s, he had successfully ensured smooth induction of Chukar III PTA with Indian navy as well as conduct of operational training. As an aeronautical engineer, he was instrumental in establishing major aircraft maintenance & repair facilities. He is a QMS, EMS & HSE consultant. He provides consultancy to business organisations for implimentation of the requirements of ISO 45001 OH & S, ISO 14001 EMS & ISO 9001 QMS, AS 9100, AS9120 Aero Space Standards. He is a qualified ISO 9001 QMS, ISO 14001 EMS, ISO 45001 OH & S Lead Auditor (CQI/IRCA recognised certification courses) & HSE Consultant. He is a qualified Zed Master Trainer & Zed Assessor. He has thorough knowledge of six sigma quality concepts & has also been awarded industry 4, certificate from the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation Knowledge Hub Training Platform  He is a Trainer, a Counselor, an Advisor and a Competent professional of cross functional exposures. He has successfully implimented requirements of various international management system standards in several organizations. He is a dedicated technocrat with expertise in Quality Assurance & Quality Control, Facility Management, General Administration, Marketing, Security, Training, Administration etc. He is a graduate mechanical engineer with specialization in aeronautical engineering. He is always eager to be involved in imparting training, implementing new ideas and improving existing processes by utilizing his vast experience.