Kailwan Inscription

Written by Alok Mohan on June 24, 2022. Posted in Uncategorized

114. Kailwan Stone Inscription of the time of Raja Arya-Visakhamitra (Kanishka or saka) Year 108
(186 A D)
Provenance: Kailwan village. Barh Sub-division, Patna district, Bihar.
Script: Brahmi of about lst or 2nd Century AD.
Language: Sanskrit and Prakrit mixed
King Arya-Visakhamitra ruled over Magadha, an important empire of ancient India.
Magadha was one among sixteen mahajanapadas, comprising both kingdoms and republics. Anga, Koshala (Kosala), Avanti and Vriji were the other mahajanapadas geographically close to Magadha, against whom magadha was forced to wage its wars.
Jarasandha, the descendant of Brihadratha, had founded Magadha empire, which is located in Bihar.
Magadha empire had clash of interests with adjoining kingdoms & was therefore subjected to incessant wars. The battle period of Magadh started from the reign of Bimbisara and lasted until the fall of Dhanananda BCE, when the Mauryans took over during 351 BCE. Heavily equipped with chariots, infantry, cavalry and elephants etc, the Magadhan armies under aggressive rulers fought many wars, &
expanded the empire.

References: D.C. sircar. Ep.Ind. XXXI, pp-229-31.
1. From the facsimile in Ep.Ind, XXXI, facing p-231.
2 Sircar reads समा and corrects it to अठमे अ is carelessly traced and appears like स
3 In view of the palaeography of the record and the Chinese and Tibetan tradition of Kanishka”s successful expedition to Pataliputra ( Age af imperial unity page142), thereby
extending Kushan influence to Bihar, Sircar identifies the era used here with the Kanishka or saka era of 78 AD.
The Year 108 of the inscripton would correspond to 186 A D.
The eighth fortnight of Grishma corresponds to the second half af purnimanta Ashadha. Thus our date
may be Saka 108. Ashada-sudi.
5 Arya-visakhamitra was
evidently an independent king of Magdha, and may or may not be connected with other mitra rulers, whose coins of centuries around Christs birth have been found
in this region and also in Panchala and Kausambi. Another King. Bhasatimita (Bhaspati-mitra or Brihatsvati-
mitra) was ruling over Magadha, when King Kharavela of Kalinga, invaded this region (see Hathigumpha inscription
supra Number)
4. Mahanada has been identified with the present Mahna, which runs about 3 Km. from the find spot of the stone vessel. It joins the river Dnova about 9 Km downstream. This Dnova is a branch of the Phalgu, by wnich name this branch appears to have been known then. The urn bearing the
ashes seems to have been consigned at the sangama (confluence) of the two rivers.
5. Sircar translates the phrase as”the vessel- — which is verily associated with his fame and power, is offered
as a present (in the name of) the Mabanadaka and Phalguna dika.
He has obviously missed the significance of the record.
Bhuti here stands for ashes and not power.
Text of the inscription
राझो अर्य विशाखमित्रस्य शवछरे सताठे 100+8, गिम्ह पखे
अठे दिवसे पचमे 5 भगवतो अचरियस्य कुडे उपनिते महनदके फगुन दिके किति भुतिक मित्रा हि कुडे उपनित
भगव तो

English Translation of the inscription
On the fifth. 5th day. in the eighth, 8th. fortnight, in the year hundred and eight. 108, (in the reign) of King Arya visakhamitra, the urn of the Venerable Acharya (i.e. Teacher) is consigned to the (rivers} Mahanadaka (and)
Phalgunadika. The urn containing the fame and ashes of the Venerable (teacher) has been consigned.

Inscription number 115.
Jankhet Inscription of the time of Virasena-Regnal Year 13 (Most probably the later part of the 3rd century AD-)
Provenance: Vllage Jankhata, Tirwa tehsil, Farukhabad district, Uttar Pradesh.
Script: Pre- Gupta Brahmi showing some features af even as early, a period as Ist century B.C and some
of even Ist and 2nd centuries A. D.
Language: Prakrit influenced by sanskrit
References: E Pargiter, EP.Ind- XI, Pp-85-87.
Text of the inscription
1. स्वा मित विरसेनस
2. संवतसरे 10+3
3. ना पाक्षे 9, दिवसे 8
4. ( स ) वामि स — पिका ओ
5. य —– वत
6. वि ——- ना (य )
7. (रि ) पुन —-न

From the fecsimile in Ep-Ind XI facing p.87.
Pargiter मे
Pargiter (यि) का (वा)
Pargiter एप्रु (स )
Pargiter नि (म )
English Translation of the inscription

In the year 13 of Lora Virasena,
in the fortnight 4, of the hot season on the day (eight) 8, the Lord.

1. Pargiter identified the Svami Virasena of this Inscription with the Virasena, whose coins have been
found from the Gangetic Doab. Rapson described one coin in J.R.A.S- 900, P115 V. Smith described
and figured two in Indian Museum Cat., Calcutta. pp191f.) and conjectures that he ruled in the Gangetic Doab about AD. 300.
Since the date given in regnal years is not co-related to any specific era,
the record can be placed on palaeographic grounds to the later part of the 3rd century A.D.

Alok Mohan

The admin, Alok Mohan, is a graduate mechanical engineer & possess following post graduate specializations:- M Tech Mechanical Engineering Production Engineering Marine engineering Aeronautical Engineering Computer Sciences Software Engineering Specialization He has authored several articles/papers, which are published in various websites & books. Studium Press India Ltd has published one of his latest contributions “Standardization of Education” as a senior author in a book along with many other famous writers of international repute. Alok Mohan has held important positions in both Govt & Private organisations as a Senior professional & as an Engineer & possess close to four decades accomplished experience. As an aeronautical engineer, he ensured accident incident free flying. As leader of indian team during early 1990s, he had successfully ensured smooth induction of Chukar III PTA with Indian navy as well as conduct of operational training. As an aeronautical engineer, he was instrumental in establishing major aircraft maintenance & repair facilities. He is a QMS, EMS & HSE consultant. He provides consultancy to business organisations for implimentation of the requirements of ISO 45001 OH & S, ISO 14001 EMS & ISO 9001 QMS, AS 9100, AS9120 Aero Space Standards. He is a qualified ISO 9001 QMS, ISO 14001 EMS, ISO 45001 OH & S Lead Auditor (CQI/IRCA recognised certification courses) & HSE Consultant. He is a qualified Zed Master Trainer & Zed Assessor. He has thorough knowledge of six sigma quality concepts & has also been awarded industry 4, certificate from the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation Knowledge Hub Training Platform  He is a Trainer, a Counselor, an Advisor and a Competent professional of cross functional exposures. He has successfully implimented requirements of various international management system standards in several organizations. He is a dedicated technocrat with expertise in Quality Assurance & Quality Control, Facility Management, General Administration, Marketing, Security, Training, Administration etc. He is a graduate mechanical engineer with specialization in aeronautical engineering. He is always eager to be involved in imparting training, implementing new ideas and improving existing processes by utilizing his vast experience.