Mankial Stone Inscription of Kanishka

Written by Alok Mohan on June 8, 2022. Posted in Uncategorized

73. Mankial Stone Inscription of Kanishka 1
Year 18 = (AD 96)
Provenance: Manikial, Rawal pindi, District, Pakistan
Script: Prakrit
Language: Sanskrit
References: Princep. J.AS.B., 1834. pp.557 f, Cunningham,
Bhilsa Topes, p. 129 J.AS.B, 1854, pp. 703 ff.
ASI ii, 1871, pp. 161 ff. Dowson JR.A.S
1863. pp- 250 f. ; Senart J.A, IX, vii. 1896, pp ff. Banerji. I.A. 1908, pp.46f. Luders, J.R.AS 1909, pp.645 ff: Fleet. J-R.A.S. 1914. pp.373 f, 1003 f, Pargiter, J.R.A.S 1914. Pp-641 ff.7 Stael-Holstein. J-R.A.S.
1914. Pp. 757. 759; N.G. Majumdar. J.P.A.S.B. 1928, p- 67. Sten Konow C.I.I., II, i. Pp.149 f.
(Number. LXXVI); D. C. Sircar, Sel-Inss, I., pp.142-43
सं 10+4+4 ( कर्तियस मस स दिवसे 20) ऐत्र पूर्वए मह रजस कणे
1. From the facsimile in C.I.I, II.i, page 148, Plate XXVII.
Second line from the top is actually the first, while the first on the stone is in reality, the second. Lines l-6 run parallel to the long side of the stone. lines
Lines 7-9 transversely at left margin, line 10 upside down along the left side of the upper edge line 11 is on top margin exactly parallel to line 1 below it. And line 12 transversally at the Right margin To the right of
1.12 on the right margin there is another line reading कर्तीयस मसस दिवसे
&This should be read after in 1.1

2. Konow. मझे Pargiter म

1. Konow and Sircar read
but Stael-Holstein read correctly
A Matra is clear below

2. According to Luders is a skythian word equivalent to Sanskrit
M. Senart took as one word.
(skt. )
an incarnate image of Ahura”. and Pargiter as
i.e Attached to horas or muhurtas
3. Konow C:I.I, II. i, p.148, accepted Luders interpretation namely alms-lord in his own monastery. ” It is an old
form of modern Hindi word
4. Konow: from Pali, used inter alia about the cremation of the Buddha’s body and hence is a synonyms
of. ot relics. But Senart read it as
Luders as
and Pargiter as

5. Senart. (Skt. )
Pargiter q
6. Senart. Pargiter Luders
English Translation of the Inscription

Aano 18, on the 20 day in the month of Karttika, on this aforesaid (tithi) during the reign of Maharaja Kanishka,
the general Lala, the scion of the Kushana race, the donation
master of the Kshatrape Vespasi- he is his donation master in his own Vihara -establishes several relics of the Lord
Buddha together with a triad: Vespasia the Khudachian. Burita the Vihara architect. and Samba, together with (his) whole family (Merit from this root of bliss. together with
the Buddhas and Sravakas, may for ever be for the principal
share of (my) brother Svarabuddhi. He was also associated)
with Buddhila, the repairing architect.
1. I-E ‘Comander of an army’ but Dandanayakas were often
governors of districts.
2. Konow C.I.I, II, i. p-150

74. Set-Mahet Buddhist Image Inscription of Kanishka I (A-D. 78-102)
Provenance: Set (or Sahat)- Mahet (ancient Sravasti} on the borders of Gonda and Bahraich districts,
UP. (Now in Indian Museum, Calcutta).
Script: Brahmi
Language: Prakrit influenced by Sanskrit
References T. Bloch, Ep. Ind, VIII, p-180 f., sircar
Salect Inss. I, p.145.

म खाराजस्य राजातिराजस्य
वपु त्रस्य कणिकस्य सं — दि

1. From the facsimile in Ep-Ind. VIII, Plate facing p.181.
2. Right upper corner of the pedestal bearing the Inscription, is broken off. It bore possibly. of 1.1 and of 1.2, which latter can be restored with help of the Sarnath image inscriptions (Nos.37-39 S.I.).
The uppar half of about two-thirds of 1.1 is lost. only traces of the lower parts of letters are visible.
English Translation of the Inscription

In the year of the Maharaja, the
Davaputra Kanishka (or Havishka 7) in the the month of —– on the
19th day. On the date specified above, a Bodhisattva, an umbrella and a
stick, tne gift of the monk Bala, who knows the Tripitaka,
and who is a Companion of the monk Pushya-Vriddhi, (have been set up) as the property of the teachers of the
school of Sarvastivadins. in the Kausambakuti in the
promnade of the temple of Lord Buddha in (the city of) Sravasti.
1. The literary Pali form is

2. According to Block, was a building inside the Jetavana park near Sravasti.

Set-Mahet Stone umbrella Staff Inscription of the time of
Kanishka (AD. 78-102)
Provenance: Set (or Sahet) Mahet (ancient sravasti) on
the borders of Gonda and Bahraich districts, Uttara Pradesh.
Script: Brahmi
Language: Prakrit influenced by Sanskrit.
References T. Bloch, Ep. Ind. IX pp- 290-91, D-C. Sircar, Select Inss. I, Pp.144-45.
म खाराजस्य राजातिराजस्य
वपु त्रस्य कणिकस्य सं — दि

1. From the facsimile in Ep.Ind, IX, facing p.291. This record is virtually identical with another from the
same site. ( see Supra number 74) The donor of the present record is evidently identical with the đonor, namely. Bhikshu Bala, who erected a Bodhisattva and Chhatrayashti at Varanasi, and put up a record in
similar language ( see supra Number 61) there.

(For Sanskrit, English and Hindi
Translation see Set-Mahet Buddhist Image Inscription of Kanishka I.
76. Mathura Stone Pedestal Inscription of the time of Kanishka- Year 20.
Provenance: Mathura
Script: Brahmi
Language: Mixed Prakrít and Sanskrit.
References: D R. Sahni, J.R.A.S. 1924, p-400, No. 1.
1. (म ) हाराजस्य कनिस्कस्थ सवछरे 20 हेमन्त माशे दिवशे —-
2. देवचये बोधिस्त व पतिथपितो गोठि
3. मात पिति हि सह नवि

Reproduced from J.R.A.S, 1924, P-400, Number 1, No plate accompanies the text.

On the day of the 4th month of winter in the year 20 in the reign of Maharaja Kanishka this bodhisattva was set up in the devachaya with parents.

Alok Mohan

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