Pabhosa cave inscription of the time of udaka – Regnal year 10

Written by Alok Mohan on April 18, 2022. Posted in Uncategorized

Pabhosa cave inscription of the time of udaka – Regnal year 10
Province Pabosa ( Ancient Pabosa Tirtha) Near Kosam ( Ancient Kausambi) Allahabad district UP

1. From the facsimile in Ep Ind XXII P1 facing p203 The first six letters have been tentatively restored with the help of Ghosundi well inscription.
Script: Brahmi of the closing years of the Ist century BC
Language: Prakrit influenced by Sanskrit
References Nos 904-05 DC sarcar Sel.. Inse I page 95 FF
No I
(On a rock outside the cave)
1. Fuhrer assigns the two records to 2nd or Ist century BC Buhler to 150 BC.
But D C Sarcar assigns it to late Ist century BC, because of similarity of certain letters eg tra en etc to those in the inscriptions of the Sakas of Mathura.
2. From the facsimile in Ep.ind. II Pl facing p 242
3. Presumably identical with the king Bahasatimita of Magadha mentioned in the Hathigumpha, inscription of khravela the Kalinga ruler and of the coins discovered at Ram nagar ( Ancient Ahichchhatra Capital of Panchala) Bareilli District and Kosam (Ancient Kausambi, the capital of vatsa) Allahabad district UP ( See Smith Catalogue pp146, 155 and 185) The line is carried by the Mora inscription, mentioning the daughter of Bahasatimita as the wife of king(Possibly of Mathura) and as the mother of living sons (See JRAS 1912 Page 120 CHI I page 525
4 Erased later as redundant
English Translation of the Inscription

By Ashadasena the son of Gopalika vaihidari and maternal uncle of the king Brihaspatimitra who is the son of Gopali This cave dwelling has been got constructed in the tenth regnal year of Udaka for the acceptance of the kasyapiya Arhats.
1. Identified with the sunga successor of vasumitra but D C Sircar does not accept this identification because according to him the script can not be assigned to second century BC
But the writing is very clear
1 From the facsimile in Ep ind II facing p 243
2 Sircar (Sel inss I pn97 n 2) finds faint traces of medial I over n and prefers to accept the name as sanakayani and argues that in polygamous society matronymics had to be used to distinguish step brothers. But traced he refers to are visible all over the unpolished surface of the rock, while the writing is inscribed in clear deep grooves, leaving no room for speculation
3 The prakritised form Ahichhatra became more popular in Sanskrit literature.
4 The above two Pabosa inscriptions provide us the pedigree of the early kings of Ahichhatra, the capital of once a mighty kingdom in northern panchala:-
Vangapala the king of Ahichhatra
Tevani married the princess of Trivarna
King Bhagavata married Gopalika vaihidari the princess of vaihidari
Ashadasena Gopali

Bahasatimita king of kausambi where many of his coins are found

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Alok Mohan

The admin, Alok Mohan, is a graduate mechanical engineer & possess following post graduate specializations:- M Tech Mechanical Engineering Production Engineering Marine engineering Aeronautical Engineering Computer Sciences Software Engineering Specialization He has authored several articles/papers, which are published in various websites & books. Studium Press India Ltd has published one of his latest contributions “Standardization of Education” as a senior author in a book along with many other famous writers of international repute. Alok Mohan has held important positions in both Govt & Private organisations as a Senior professional & as an Engineer & possess close to four decades accomplished experience. As an aeronautical engineer, he ensured accident incident free flying. As leader of indian team during early 1990s, he had successfully ensured smooth induction of Chukar III PTA with Indian navy as well as conduct of operational training. As an aeronautical engineer, he was instrumental in establishing major aircraft maintenance & repair facilities. He is a QMS, EMS & HSE consultant. He provides consultancy to business organisations for implimentation of the requirements of ISO 45001 OH & S, ISO 14001 EMS & ISO 9001 QMS, AS 9100, AS9120 Aero Space Standards. He is a qualified ISO 9001 QMS, ISO 14001 EMS, ISO 45001 OH & S Lead Auditor (CQI/IRCA recognised certification courses) & HSE Consultant. He is a qualified Zed Master Trainer & Zed Assessor. He has thorough knowledge of six sigma quality concepts & has also been awarded industry 4, certificate from the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation Knowledge Hub Training Platform  He is a Trainer, a Counselor, an Advisor and a Competent professional of cross functional exposures. He has successfully implimented requirements of various international management system standards in several organizations. He is a dedicated technocrat with expertise in Quality Assurance & Quality Control, Facility Management, General Administration, Marketing, Security, Training, Administration etc. He is a graduate mechanical engineer with specialization in aeronautical engineering. He is always eager to be involved in imparting training, implementing new ideas and improving existing processes by utilizing his vast experience.