The Yavanas

Written by Alok Mohan on May 29, 2023. Posted in Uncategorized

The Pre-Alexandrian Yavana

“Yona” is a Pali word used in ancient India to designate Greek speakers. Its equivalent in Sanskrit is the word “Yavana”. “Yona” and “Yavana” are both transliterations of the Greek word for “Ionians” who were probably the first Greeks to be known in the East.
Yona, Yauna or Yavana is the only name whereby all Greeks, whether Macedonian, Pre-Macedonian or postMacedonian, were known to the Indians and Persiaus. Since this name is obviously derived from Ionia, the first Greeks known in these parts were all, exhypothesi, Ionians and not Macedonians. This supports the view held by Jayaswal and others that there was a pre-Alexandrian Ionian Greek settlement on the banks of the Kabul river, notably at Nysa. The location given of Nysa by Greek writers shows that it lay close to and was built on the lower slopes of the mountain which they call Meros (Meru, Pali Nera), and which according to the legend in the Mahabharata and the Puranas, was one of the four mountains that surrounded, Mt. Sumeru, i.e., Pamir Knot.” Identifying Mt. Meros with the Sulaiman range, and Mt. Nysa with a spur of the same, one may get very close to the site of the Yavana hill-state. Holdich is inclined to locate the city in the lower spurs and valleys of Koh-i-Mor, while Bhandarkar places it somewhere between the river Kophen (Kabul) and the Indus. Manu regards the Yavanas as Kshatriyas.
The word Yona appears in Achaemenian (Persian) inscriptions in the forms Yauna and Ia-ma-nu and referred to the Ionian Greeks of Asia Minor, who were conquered by the Achaemenid king Cyrus the Great in 545 bc.

Alok Mohan

The admin, Alok Mohan, is a graduate mechanical engineer & possess following post graduate specializations:- M Tech Mechanical Engineering Production Engineering Marine engineering Aeronautical Engineering Computer Sciences Software Engineering Specialization He has authored several articles/papers, which are published in various websites & books. Studium Press India Ltd has published one of his latest contributions “Standardization of Education” as a senior author in a book along with many other famous writers of international repute. Alok Mohan has held important positions in both Govt & Private organisations as a Senior professional & as an Engineer & possess close to four decades accomplished experience. As an aeronautical engineer, he ensured accident incident free flying. As leader of indian team during early 1990s, he had successfully ensured smooth induction of Chukar III PTA with Indian navy as well as conduct of operational training. As an aeronautical engineer, he was instrumental in establishing major aircraft maintenance & repair facilities. He is a QMS, EMS & HSE consultant. He provides consultancy to business organisations for implimentation of the requirements of ISO 45001 OH & S, ISO 14001 EMS & ISO 9001 QMS, AS 9100, AS9120 Aero Space Standards. He is a qualified ISO 9001 QMS, ISO 14001 EMS, ISO 45001 OH & S Lead Auditor (CQI/IRCA recognised certification courses) & HSE Consultant. He is a qualified Zed Master Trainer & Zed Assessor. He has thorough knowledge of six sigma quality concepts & has also been awarded industry 4, certificate from the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation Knowledge Hub Training Platform  He is a Trainer, a Counselor, an Advisor and a Competent professional of cross functional exposures. He has successfully implimented requirements of various international management system standards in several organizations. He is a dedicated technocrat with expertise in Quality Assurance & Quality Control, Facility Management, General Administration, Marketing, Security, Training, Administration etc. He is a graduate mechanical engineer with specialization in aeronautical engineering. He is always eager to be involved in imparting training, implementing new ideas and improving existing processes by utilizing his vast experience.